# Sql-server – SQL Server Database grew too much too fast

sql serversql-server-2000sql-server-2008-r2

I have an issue with one database. The issue is as follows:
The database is being running on SQL Server 2000 Standard for the last 6 years in Full Recovery mode.

In the beginning of this summer the database was about 5GB.

Since then, the only thing we did beyond normal usage is some extensive deletions.

This week, there was a problem with the PC and I was forced to do a backup and restore it on an SQL Server 2008R2 Express and set the database in 2008 mode.

The backup file was about 1GB. When I restored it, the MDF was 9GB of size! I checked the old MDF and it was of the same size.

I checked the size of the tables and they cannot reach the 9GB reported!

I did a shrink but the size did not change.

Any clues or where to check?

Is there a chance that the Full Recovery, can affect the size of the MDF files?

I am thinking of setinng the recovery model to Simple, back-it-up and restore it. Is it going to make a difference? Can I do it on a live database?

UPDATE:The initial size of the database is 1306 MB

UPDATE2 sp_spaceused: Database Size=8646.88 MB Unallocated Space= 0.00 MB

reserved=1336984 KB data=1020376 KB index_size=210408 KB unused=106200 KB

The database is being running on SQL Server 2000 Standard for the last 6 years in Full Recovery mode.

This is fin as long as you are doing regular full and log backups to keep the log file size under control. There are plenty of articles and questions on here regarding log management.

In the beginning of this summer the database was about 5GB. Since then, the only thing we did beyond normal usage is some extensive deletions.

Large deletions are fine but understand that the space that data used was not released back to the operating system, unless you did a shrink of the data file.

This week, there was a problem with the PC and I was forced to do a backup and restore it on an SQL Server 2008R2 Express and set the database in 2008 mode.

I hope you tested your code! T-SQL syntax changed a good bit from SQL 2000 to SQL 2008 R2. I have supported many databases that broke due to some of these changes. Also note that Express has a limitation on how large a database can grow, 10GB with SQL 2008 R2

The backup file was about 1GB. When I restored it, the MDF was 9GB of size! I checked the old MDF and it was of the same size. I checked the size of the tables and they cannot reach the 9GB reported!

When you do a backup of the database, the backup is only going to grab the data itself along with some configuration information of the database. One of those configuration items is the initial size of the data and log file. I would expect if you checked your database properties you might find the initial size of your data file (MDF) is set to 9GB in size.

I did a shrink but the size did not change.

A database shrink is likely what you performed. Although ill-advised, if you need to regain disk space or just bring the data file (MDF) of your database under control you will need to perform a data file shrink. Again there are plenty of articles on MSDN and blog post that provide the way of doing this.

Is there a chance that the Full Recovery, can affect the size of the MDF files?

Nope.

I am thinking of settinng the recovery model to Simple, back-it-up and restore it. Is it going to make a difference?

With the size of your data file, nope.