Learn English – a word for the most basic form of a term?

phrase-requestssingle-word-requests

The English language contains very descriptive and "involved" words, I was wondering what we would call the opposite of those.

For example, words like "push" or "hot" can't be simplified further without losing their meaning. What do you call a term in its most basic form?

Example:

scorching may imply a very high level of heat or hot.
heat or hot are basic terms that don't imply any enhancement (How hot, how much heat).

Best Answer

essence: the intrinsic or indispensable properties that serve to characterize or identify something; the crucial element. in essence: by nature

From Latin esse, to be.

Synonyms include *substance, gist, core, sum, marrow, heart, center, hypostasis (essential nature or underlying reality), haecceity, quiddity (the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other) quintessence (the purest and most concentrated essence of something), stuff