Learn English – It is a painting by / of a famous painter

prepositions

Could you please help me with this? A bit of context:

Look at this painting. In the painting you can see a little girl. So, it is a painting of a girl. A famous painter painted it. So it is a painting ___ a famous painter.

I thought we should use "of" to show that the painting depicts the person, while "by" shows who painted it, but in the test it was "of" in both cases. Is "by" acceptable /correct or not in the latter case?.

Best Answer

This is easily answered by example.

This is a painting by Vincent van Gogh:

enter image description here

This is a painting of Vincent van Gogh1:

enter image description here

This is a painting both by and of Vincent van Gogh:

enter image description here


1 If we allow paint as a verb to refer to MS Paint rather than oils etc. Some "artistic" licence is needed.