MATLAB: Defining Variables

defineunknownvariables

Hi, I'm a fairly new user of Matlab, and I set up a list of variable definitions like so:
n0=1;
n21=1.694;
n22=1.7046;
n23=1.7152;
k21=3.666;
k22=3.7066;
k23=3.7274;
y1=250;
y2=251;
y3=252;
z=(n-1i.*k);
w1=(n21-1i.*k21);
w2=(n22-1i.*k22);
w3=(n23-1i.*k23);
a1=((n0-z)./(n0+z));
a2=((n0-z)./(n0+z));
a3=((n0-z)./(n0+z));
b1=((z-w1)./(z+w1));
b2=((z-w2)./(z+w2));
b3=((z-w3)./(z+w3));
c1=((4.*pi)./y1);
c2=((4.*pi)./y2);
c3=((4.*pi)./y3);
R1=.922269;
R2=.92401;
R3=.925751;
This list is used to define variables for these 3 equations to be solved simultaneously:
fcns(1)=R1+(b1.*exp(c1.*1i.*d.*z).*((R1.*a1)-1))-a1;
fcns(2)=R2+(b2.*exp(c2.*1i.*d.*z).*((R2.*a2)-1))-a2;
fcns(3)=R3+(b3.*exp(c3.*1i.*d.*z).*((R3.*a3)-1))-a3;
When I run the .m file, however, I get an error at z=(n-1i.*k) saying that n is an 'undefined variabe'. n is supposed to be undefined, as I solve for it later. How can I resolve this? Also, is there a way to put Matlab code into these entries to help organize them?

Best Answer

  • Do you have the symbolic toolbox? If you do, define n as a symbolic variable
    syms n
    and then you can do exactly what you were talking about. Else defined it as an input to an anonymous function that you could later solve with fsolve (Optimization toolbox).
    doc fsolve
    and
    web([docroot '/techdoc/ref/function_handle.html'])