MATLAB: Does anyone know of a function that will take timeseries data and find 12-hour averages throughout (day and night averages)

12 hour averagingbinningdaytime averagenight averagetimeseries

I have a 17 day timeseries and I would like to calculate 12-hour averages for the data so that I end up with daytime averages and nighttime averages. In this case "day" will be approx 06:00 to 18:00 (12 hours) and night is 18:00 to 06:00 (12 hours). I'm not sure if a function already exists to do this given timestamps and the data vector in question. If not would I want to loop through each 12 hour period? The night data might be problematic since it spans 2 dates. Anyway, I'm thrilled to hear any ideas/advice. I've attached my timestamps (MX) and example data (PH). Timestamps are in matlab time (serial date number from July 23, 2017 to August 9, 2017). Thank you!

Best Answer

  • Convert the timeseries to a timetable object, TT, and use
    rt = TT.Properties.RowTimes;
    first_day = dateshift(rt(1), 'start, 'day');
    first_period = first_day + hours(6);
    if first_period > rt(1)
    first_period = first_period - hours(12);
    elseif first_period + hours(12) < rt(1)
    first_period = first_period + hours(12);
    end
    last_day = dateshift(rt(end), 'start', 'day');
    last_period = last_day + hours(6);
    if last_period + hours(12) < rt(end)
    last_period = last_day + hours(30);
    elseif last_period < rt(end)
    last_period = last_period + hours(12);
    end
    last_period_start = last_period - hours(12);
    periods = first_period : hours(12) : last_period_start;
    TT2 = retime(TT, periods 'mean');
    Here I do not assume that the data is well-behaved with respect to the timeslots. Instead, I prepare for the possibility that there is partial data before 6am the first day, or after 6pm the last day. I also narrow down in case you can start in the evening on the first day, or end in the morning on the last day. If these factors are never the case, then the calculations of the start and end can potentially be simplified.
    ,,, There is probably a better way of figuring out the starts and ends, but this is what comes to mind at the moment.