MATLAB: Edit line in text document

fopenfprintftext file

Is there a way to change one line in a text document? My impression is that with fopen and fprintf there is no way to just edit the contents a line, leaving the rest of the doc unchanged. I tried the following:
fid = fopen(doc,'r+);
while true
str = fgetl(fid);
if feof(fid) % break out of loop and end of doc
break
end
if strcmp(str,checkstr)
newstr = [str 'abc'];
fprintf(fid,'%s',newstr);
end
end
fclose(fid);
But I cannot get this to work (if I run the code, the document is not changed). I tried to play with additional tags like \r or \n, but I couldn't get it to work. Is there something I am missing, or is it generally not possible (with reasonable effort) to just edit a text file, in which case I guess I will have to create a copy of the full file?

Best Answer

  • If you want to change part of a line based on a match (checkstr), a good way to achieve this is to use regular expressions, e.g.
    buffer = fileread('inFile.txt') ;
    buffer = regexprep(buffer, 'I hate regexp', 'I love regexp') ;
    fid = fopen('outFile.txt', 'w') ;
    fwrite(fid, buffer) ;
    fclose(fid) ;
    If you tell me the pattern that you are matching and the replacement, I can help you building a pattern for the regexp if it is more elaborate that basic alpha-numeric characters.