MATLAB: How to make make the simulation run for longer than 2085 loops. Index out of bounds because numel ()=1 prevents the model for running for the full amount of time.

MATLABnumelsimulinkto workspace

I'm using a Simulink model along with a MATLAB script. The program is modelling a simple spring mass damper system. I have used a 'for' loop in the script to carry out the iterations.
In the MATLAB script I have defined several 'storage vectors' where the 'To Workspace' (a type of Simulink sink block) saves the various values for displacement(x), velocity(v), acceleration(a), force(Q) and time(t). After one loop has run, the time step is advanced by the defined 'Step' value (0.005 seconds), and the new x,v,a,time values are defined for the Simulink model to run the next iteration/loop.
The model runs perfectly for the first 10.415 seconds (2085 loops) and then throws up the error:
Attempted to access xdis(2); index out of bounds because numel(xdis)=1. Error in Trial (line 53) , xstore(j+1)=xdis(2);
Why does this happen after this exact number of loops?
My Simulink model saves the data in 'Structure With Time' format. The solver is Fixed-Step ode4 Runge-Kutta solver. The code is as follows:
%Define initial constants M=24.518; C=55.601; K=8756.342;
%Initial Velocity U=0.127;
%Initial values v=0; x=0;
%Time and time step Step=0.005; TotalTime=15;
%Initial time values Start=0; Finish=Step;
%Counter j=1;
%Define storage vectors xstore=zeros((TotalTime/Step),1); %Displacement vstore=zeros((TotalTime/Step),1); %Velocity astore=zeros((TotalTime/Step),1); %Acceleration Qstore=zeros((TotalTime/Step),1); %Force timestore=zeros((TotalTime/Step),1); %Time
%Initial Values Qstore(j)=0; %Initial force value time(j)=Start;
%Setup Loop for i=0:Step:TotalTime
%Run Simulink Model
sim('Model');
%Return values from the To Workspace sink blocks
xdis=Displacement.signals.values;
vvel=Velocity.signals.values;
aacc=Acceleration.signals.values;
ttime=Displacement.time;
%Assign Values
xstore(j+1)=xdis(2);
vstore(j+1)=vvel(2);
astore(j+1)=aacc(2);
timestore(j+1)=ttime(2);
%Print values
time
%Setup start values for next loop
x=xstore(j+1);
v=vstore(j+1);
time=timestore(j+1);
%Advance time step
Start=Start+Step;
Finish=Finish+Step;
%Advance counter
j=j+1;
end
plot(timestore,xstore)
end
A picture of my Simulink model can be found here: </matlabcentral/answers/uploaded_files/10889/Simulink%20Model.jpg>
I have tried the following things: – I have checked that the memory is not full. My storage vectors only use 0.5MB of space so I presume this isn't the problem (for a computer with 4GB of RAM). – I have set the Sink Block (To Workspace) parameters for the Limit data points to 'inf' so that there is no limit on the number of data points. (I'm using save format of 'Structure with Time').
Does anyone have any ideas of how to stop the model stopping early so that it runs for the full amount of time?
(This spring-mass damper model is a simplified model of another model I'm working on which experiences the exact same problem as this).
I'm using MATLAB R2013a.

Best Answer

  • The issue seems to be that your step time (0.005) can not be exactly represented by a double precision floating point number:
    fprintf('%0.20f\n',0.005)
    0.00500000000000000010
    Since you run your model just one step at a time, with the start time set to the previous stop time, what happens is that at time 10.42 the small rounding causes the model to stop before the step is actually made, i.e. only the start calculation is performed. This means that Displacement.signals.values will only contain one value for that time step.
    There are two possible solutions that I can think of:
    Consider if it is possible to change your implementation so that you do not need to initiate each time step from the script (in the attached model there is no reason to step the model from a script).
    Set Step = 1 and TotalTime = round(15/0.005) and then multiply the signal values by 0.005 to adjust for the change in step time.