MATLAB: How to subtract the elements of an array

m-fileMATLAB

Hello,
I am coding an .m file in MATLAB R2018a. The code I have (partial) is:
nt=[8,17,22,25]'
for i=1:3
grad(i)=nt(i+1)-nt(i)
end
sumgrad=sum(grad)
As you can see, I am trying to subtract the 2nd element of the array is subtracted to the 1st and place it on the index 1 of the array grad(i). . Then, the 3rd element of the array is subtracted to the 2nd and place it on the index 2 of the array grad(i). By last, the 4th element of the array to the 3rd and place it on the index 3 of the array grad(i)
Then, all the elements of the array grad(i) are sum into the variable sumgrad.
I am getting this error:
Error: Index exceeds array bounds.
I am quite sure there is a better way of coding this. Could someone help me?
Best regards,
Hugo

Best Answer

  • Although your code seems correct and the error shouldn't occur, you can directly use diff() function and avoid the for-loop
    nt=[8,17,22,25]';
    grad = diff(nt);
    sumgrad=sum(grad)