22.1273GPPRelease 9Service requirement for the Open Services Access (OSA)Stage 1TS
Functions that are offered by OSA shall be applicable for a number of different business and applications domains (including besides the telecommunication network operators also service provider, third party service providers acting as HE-VASPs, etc.).
All of these businesses have different requirements, ranging from simple telephony and call routing, virtual private networks to fully interactive multimedia to using MS based applications.
Service Capability Features:
Application/Clients access OSA functions in terms of service capability features via the standardised application interface. This means that service capability features are accessible and visible to application/clients via the method/operation invocations in the interface.
Service capability features shall be defined as much as possible in a generic way to hide the network specific implementation. To achieve this, it is necessary to identify the functionalities that can be provided in different ways by the use of different service capabilities. For example, User Location can be produced in several underlying ways.Each of these functionalities can then be defined as a single generic function and the different underlying service capabilities are not visible to the application. It is important that the generic part becomes as large as possible to enable applications to use functions without the need for knowledge of the underlying network capabilities
When applications use the generic service capability features, these applications become independent of the network domain ie network agnostic. Applications shall however still be able to request service capability features specific to a service capability (e.g. Call Setup from CAMEL) or specific to a particular network domain. This will increase dependency of the application on the used service capability while providing improved optimisation.
Note: The grouping of OSA functions into Service Capability features is out of scope of this document.
Three different types of OSA functions can be distinguished:
– Framework functions: provide commonly used utilities, necessary for access control, security, resilience and management of OSA functions;
– Network functions: these shall enable the applications to make use of the functionality of the underlying network capabilities.
– User Data related functions: these enable applications to access data of a particular user. Such data are e.g. the status of the user, her location or data in the user’s User Profile.
13.1 The Framework functions
The framework provides the essential capabilities that allow OSA applications to make use of the service capabilities in the network. The framework shall support the ability for applications to access SCFs in another network.
There are four distinct features that comprise the framework: Trust and Security Management, Service Registration and Discovery functions, Integrity Management and Service Subscription.
13.1.1 Trust and Security Management
The trust and security management feature provides the necessary mechanisms which define the security parameters in which client applications may access the network. This includes the availability of a framework initial access point through which all client applications are authenticated and authorised and the ability to allow the signing of on-line service level agreements between the client applications and the framework.
Authentication is used to verify the identity of an entity (user, network, and application).
Three types of authentication are distinguished:
- User-Network Authentication:
Before a user can access her subscribed applications, the user has to be authenticated by the network that provides access to the application. This allows the network to check to what applications the user has subscribed to. User-network authentication is handled within the network and therefore outside the scope of the OSA .
- Application-Network Authentication:
Before an application can use the capabilities from the network, a service agreement has to be established between the application and the network. Establishment of such a service agreement starts with the mutual authentication between application and network. If a service agreement already exists, modification might be needed or a new agreement might supersede the existing.
- User-Application Authentication:
Before a user can use an application or perform other activities (e.g. modifying profile data) the application must authenticate the user. When the network already authenticates the user, authentication is not needed anymore. When the network is transparent and the user accesses an application directly, authentication is needed between user and application. This is outside the scope of the OSA.
Authorisation is the activity of determining what an authenticated entity (user, network, and application) is allowed to do.
NOTE: Authentication must therefore precede authorisation.
Two types of authorisation are distinguished:
- Application-Network Authorisation:
Verifies what non-framework functions the application is allowed to use. Once an application has been authorised to use one, more or all non-framework functions no further authorisation is required as long as the "allowed" non-framework functions are used.
- User-Application Authorisation:
The application verifies what actions the user is allowed to perform (e.g. deactivation of functionality, modification of application data). This is transparent to the network and therefore outside the scope of the present document.
126.96.36.199 Policy for service capability features access and usage
The framework shall provide functions to manage and enforce policies on the access and usage of service capability features requested by the OSA Applications, in addition to the policies implemented by the Service Capability Features themselves (e.g. through policy-enabled Service Capability Features). Examples of such policies are: number of application requests for a specified period, frequency of application requests, check on syntax correctness and validity in term of lifetime for parameters, check if the requestor (OSA Application and/or subscriber) is in arrears.
13.1.2 Service Registration feature
The Registration function enables the non-framework service capability features (i.e. service capability features that contain non-Framework functions) to register with the Framework. Registration must take place before authorised applications can find out from the Framework which non-framework service capability features are available. This means that the non-framework service capability features must be registered before they can be discovered and used by authorised applications. The service capability feature is finally registered if the registration process is successfully completed.
Note that only the non-framework service capability features have to be registered. The Framework service capability features (containing only Framework functions) are available by default since they provide basic mechanisms.
13.1.3 Service De-Registration function
The De-Registration function enables the non-framework service capability features (i.e. service capability features that contain non-Framework functions) to de-register with the Framework. When a service capability feature de-registers the service capability feature shall discontinue providing service to all applications. Further, the service capability feature can no longer be discovered.
13.1.4 Service Discovery feature
The Discovery function enables the application to identify the total collection of service capability features that it can use. Upon request of the application, the Discovery function indicates the non-framework service capability features that are available for use by the application. The list of available service capability features is created through the Registration process described in subclause 12.1.2. This means that a service capability feature must be registered at the Framework before it can be discovered by the application.
13.1.5 Integrity Management function
Integrity management provides the means to allow the framework to query and report conditions that relate to the integrity of the framework, the network service capability features and the client applications. Furthermore an application may query conditions that relate to the integrity of the framework ad the network service capability features and report on it’s own conditions. As part of the integrity management functions, the framework may provide:
- supervision of the status of client applications to ensure continued operation, a process known as heartbeating.
- fault management reporting and control. Specific examples include the ability for the framework to notify applications of internal fault conditions as well as faults in the network service capability features and the ability for applications to request specific test executions in the framework.
- operations and maintenance access, more specifically, the ability for the application to synchronise with the system date and time.
13.1.5a Service Subscription function
This function represents a contractual agreement between an Enterprise Operator and the Framework. In this subscription business model, an enterprise operator fulfils the role of subscriber/customer of services and the client applications act in the role of users or consumers of services. The framework itself acts in the role of retailer of services.
13.1.6 APIs Usage Accounting
The framework shall provide functions to supply information for accounting of the usage of APIs.
13.1.7 Support for Identity Management Framework
The Parlay OSA framework shall provide support for Identity Management. This shall take into account frameworks such as Liberty Alliance identity management framework.
13.2 Network functions
The Network functions represent the total collection of network resources.
The following subclauses define generic network functions e.g. for Message Transfer.
13.2.1 Call and Session Control functions
This subclause details with Call and Session Control functions. The purpose of this function is to allow applications to control and monitor calls, packet switched sessions and IM Sessions.
The application may request the quality of service when first negotiated at the start of the call and may also request the network to notify the application of any changes in QoS (conversational, background, interactive and streaming class – see ) which take place during the call.
For QoS information, the Call and Session Control Functions allow applications to monitor the amount of used traffic channels and bandwidth (e.g. for HSCSD) and used timeslots (e.g. for GPRS).
188.8.131.52 CS Call Control functions
This subclause details with circuit switched call control functions. The purpose of this function is to allow applications to control and monitor calls.
Applications should have the ability to :
- Release Calls:
This provides the ability for the application to force the release of a call. The application may provide an indication of the reason for release of the call.
- Control Calls:
This provides the ability for an application to modify the information pertaining to the call at the time of establishment of the call. The application may also allow the call to continue with or without the modified information pertaining to the call. The application shall have the ability to request call events of the call under control to be observed by the network and reported back to the application.
- Request call information:
This provides the ability for an application to request information relating to the call of interest specified in advance. Requested information includes at least call duration, call end time.
- Monitor calls:
This provides the ability for an application to monitor for call duration and tariff switching moments. An application may specify a threshold for the duration of a call or a part thereof. The application shall have the ability to grant new thresholds when the expiry of a previously set threshold has been reported to the application. When an event is subject to be monitored and the event is met, the application shall get informed accompanied with sufficient information.
- Presentation of, or restriction of, information associated with a party involved in a call (e.g. calling line ID, calling name);
- Relinquish control over a call
This allows an application to relinquish control over a call but still allowing the established call to continue. Once the control of the call has been relinquished, the application may not be able to regain control over that call.
- Interact with a user
This provides the ability for an application to interact with a user. An application may be able to send specific information to the user and may request the collection of data from the user. Sending information to the user or collecting information from the user shall be supported when the user is engaged in a call (e.g. USSD, DTMF) or call-unrelated (e.g. USSD, SMS). The information sent to the user may include an indication of an announcement, text or user specific data.
Note 1: Call related user interaction may e.g. be used to play/record/customise user specific announcements while through call-unrelated user interaction e.g. service preferences may be managed.
For each call it shall be possible to specify:
- the events on which monitoring is required ().
Note 2: The mapping to service capabilities is for further study (it shall be investigated to which extend the requirements above fit to CAMEL, MEXE and other service capabilities).
184.108.40.206 PS Session Control functions
This subclause details with PS session control functions. The purpose of this function is to allow applications to control and monitor PS sessions. A PS Session may consists of one or more GPRS PDP context.
Applications should have the ability to :
- Release a PDP context:
This provides the ability for the application to force a PDP context to be released. The application may provide an indication of the reason for release of the PDP context.
- Control a PDP context:
This provides the ability for an application to modify the information pertaining to the PDP context at the time of establishment. The application may also allow the PDP context to continue with or without the modified information pertaining to the PDP context. The application shall have the ability to request events to be observed by the network and reported back to the application.
- Monitor a PDP context:
This provides the ability for an application to monitor for PDP context duration and tariff switching moments.. An application may specify a threshold for the duration of a PDP context or a part thereof. The application shall have the ability to grant new thresholds when the expiry of a previously set threshold has been reported to the application.
- Monitor a PS session:
This provides the ability for an application to monitor for PS session data volume. An application may specify a threshold for the amount of data allowed to be transferred within a PS session. The application shall have the ability to grant new thresholds when the expiry of a previously set threshold has been reported to the application.
220.127.116.11 IM Session Control functions
IM Session Control
Create IM Sessions
The application shall be able to establish IM sessions between two or more parties with certain media capabilities. The application may add or remove parties at any time for any session. An application may add additional sessions with certain media capabilities between any parties already involved in an session. Sessions with multiple parties may lead to the creation of a multi-media Conference Call. This can either be an ad-hoc conference creation or it can refer to resources that were reserved in advance.
Release IM Sessions
This provides the ability for an application to force the release of an IM session. This may be limited to the release of certain parties from the session or may be the release of all the parties.
Relinquish control over an IM session
This allows an application to relinquish control over IM sessions.
Party join/leave control
The application shall be informed when a new call party wants to join/leave the conference. It shall be possible for the application to allow or reject the inclusion of the new party to a conference.
Presentation of, or restriction of, information associated with a party involved in a session (e.g. calling line ID, calling name);
Control media channels
The application shall have the ability to control media channels originated by (or on behalf of) a user or media channels terminated to a user. This control includes, but is not limited to the barring of a media channel request, allowing the media channel establishment to continue with or without modified information, addition or removal of additional media channels, temporarily suspend a media channel (place on hold), open, close or modify the parameters of the media channels.
Relinquish control over specific media channels
This allows an application to relinquish control over the media stream. When it relinquishes control over certain media channels it does not lose control over the entire session.
Reserve/Free conference resources
The application shall be able to reserve resources in the network or free earlier reserved resources for a conference in advance.
Request Notification of Media channel events
The application shall be able to request notification of certain events associated with a type of media channel. Events include, but not limited to: a user initiating or closing a session, an incoming IM session request to user or a terminating user unable to accept an incoming IM session request.
Monitoring of Media channels
The application shall be able to request all the media channels currently available on a IM session In addition the application must be able to monitor the opening and closing of channels for media for a specified session.
13.2.4 Charging functions
Call and Event Charging
Call and Event Charging functions enable the application to instruct the network and inform the user with charging information and to add some additional charging information to the network generated Call Detail Records. Some of the following charging facilities are available only if the network either controls the account or has access to it.
The OSA Call and Event Charging function shall enable an application to:
– define and manage thresholds (e.g. session duration, data volume) for a call;
– provide additional charging information to be included in the Call Detail Record. This may contain information transparent to the network;
– transfer Advice of Charge data (as defined in ) to the terminal.
These charging functions shall enable applications to augment subscriber accounts maintained by the network and to charge subscribers for using services. These applications are not necessarily telecommunication related. In addition to charging subscribers for service usage, these functions could also be used for payments in an online purchase scenario.
Provided, that these functions are supported by the underlying network an application shall be able to:
– Check, if – for the service to be provided by the application – the charge is covered by the subscribers account or credit limit
– Reserve – for the service to be provided by the application – a charge in the subscribers account, that can be deduced from the account after service delivery.
– Deduct an amount from the subscriber’s account. If a reservation has been made earlier, this amount should be taken from the reserved amount.
– Request the network to split the deduction of an amount among several subscribers accounts or other chargeable entities according to a specified partitioning. It shall be possible to notify an individual subscriber’s account or other chargeable entity about the percentage of the total amount, to which the deduction has been performed
Note: this requirement also covers the case when the total amount to be deduced is calculated by the network.
– Release a reservation acquired earlier. If part of a reservation has been deducted already, just release the remaining reservation.
– Add non-monetary units to a subscriber’s account.
– Deduct non-monetary units from a subscriber’s account.
– Reverse a completed charge transaction, e.g. after repudiation.
The functions for charging application usage shall meet the following general requirements:
– Hide payment policy (e.g. prepaid/postpaid) from applications
– Hide payment type (credit card, cash, bank withdrawal) from applications
– Hide subscriber’s identity towards the application. This would provide anonymity (like for prepaid customers).
– Support prepaid subscribers. This requires that the application immediately gets informed if the subscriber’s account covers the service usage costs. If not, the application may reject serving the subscriber.
– Allow for Multi-currency support. This shall allow service providers to request charging in their preferred currency
General Account functions
These functions provide access to sensitive data. They shall be restricted to client applications that had been granted additional privileges via suitable means, i.e. as authorised by the framework function.
The OSA general Account function shall enable an application to:
– retrieve a transaction history of a subscriber’s account, this may include
– the retrieval of a list of monetary or non-monetary amounts that have been debited from or credited to a subscribers online account,
– the request of additional information on the specific transaction (e.g. the application or service description provided with the actual transaction).
– check a subscriber’s current account balance.
– monitor the subscribers account and may request to get informed of any change.
– ask the charged user for an explicit, interactive confirmation before any charging operation is performed. The General Account function will support a procedure to obtain confirmation by the user. Such a procedure shall be under the control of the network.
Note: There is no requirement to standardise this procedure.
In case an application retrieves a list for a subscribers’ transaction history, it shall specify the time interval for which the transaction history shall be retrieved.
13.2.6 QoS management functions
The OSA interface shall provide functionality to enable an application to dynamically change the quality of service available on the end user connection.
An application may request to change the default quality of service available on the end user’s connection.
An application may request to change the quality of service available on the end user’s connection on a temporary basis
Applications are able to view transaction history and current quality of service status for reasons such as self-care.
QoS features are defined within the network and may be managed and shared beforehand with application providers, with a clear indication as to which of these can be used as default QoS features and temporary QoS features.
13.2.7 Service Request Capabilities
The application shall have the ability to request a particular type of service, for example CS-video, or IP-voice, or Communication Service. If an application requests a particular type of service, the underlying network has the right to reject such a request and instead offer a default service. The application shall have to ability to receive notifications and events related to the service running in the underlying network.
13.3 User data related functions
13.3.1 User Status functions
The User Status functions enable an application to retrieve the user’s status, i.e. to find out on which terminals the user is available.
The following functions shall be provided:
– retrieval of User Status:
– the application shall be able to retrieve the status of the user (e.g. the user is busy, her terminal is attached, or detached).
– notification of User Status Change:
– the application shall receive notifications when the user’s terminal attaches or detaches:
– detach: the user’s terminal is switched off or the network initiates detach upon location update failure;
– attach: the user’s terminal is switched on or there has been a successful location update after network initiated detach.
– the application shall receive notifications when the user’s status moves from idle to busy, or from busy to idle.
Attach and detach applies for CS and PS.
The application shall be able for each terminal to start/stop receipt of notifications.
13.3.2 User Location functions
The User Location functions provide an application with information concerning the user’s location.
The user location information contains the following attributes:
– location (e.g. in terms of universal latitude and longitude co-ordinates);
– accuracy (value depending on local regulatory requirements and level of support in serving/home networks; note that the accuracy of the serving network might differ from that in the home environment);
– age of location information (last known date/time made available in GMT).
The following functions shall be provided:
– report of location information:
– the application shall be able to request user location information;
– by default the location information is provided once; the application may also request periodic location reporting (i.e. multiple reports spread over a period of time).
– notification of location update:
– the application shall be able to request to be notified when the user’s location changes, i.e. when:
– the user enters or leaves a specified geographic area;
– the user’s location changes more than a specified lower boundary. The lower boundary can be selected from the options provided by the network.
– emergency call location:
– automatic network location during emergency call provided to application;
– retrieval of current location based on emergency call details.
The application shall be able for each user to start/stop receipt of notifications and to modify the required accuracy by selecting another option from the network provided options.
– Access control to location information:
– the user shall be able to restrict/allow access to the location information. The restriction can be overridden by the network operator when appropriate (e.g. emergency calls).
When an application requests report of location information or notification of location update, it shall be possible for the application to provide an optional requestor identiy, an optional service identity and an optional codeword (as defined in ). If an application provides one or more of the above optinal privacy information, the information shall be brought to the location service capabilities attention and used to comply with privacy policies of the subscriber the request relates to.
13.3.5 Terminal Capabilities functions
The Terminal Capabilities functions enable the application to determine the capabilities of the user’s terminal .
Note 1: The ability to support this function is dependent on the ability of a terminal (through e.g. MExE or WAP) to notify its terminal capabilities. Therefore this function will not be able to supply terminal capabilities for terminals not supporting notification of their terminal capabilities.
Note 2: "Terminal" covers both (mobile) equipment and USIM.
The following functions shall be provided:
– retrieval of Terminal Capabilities:
– the application shall be able to retrieve the capabilities of the terminal. This includes:
– the media that the terminal is capable to deal with (e.g. audio, video, ; this information is needed by the application e.g. when the user wants to download messages from the mailbox);
– the number of calls/sessions that the terminal can deal with simultaneously.
13.5 Presence related capability functions
13.5.1 Relationship to Release 6 Presence Service
The OSA interface shall allow an application access to presence capabilities within the network. Presence related information may be requested or supplied by an OSA application and may include, but not limited to presence information pertaining to the presence service as described in  or user availability.
An OSA application may act as a requester of presence information (i.e. act as a watcher) and/or act as a supplier of presence information (i.e. act as a presentity). All the capabilities offered to presence service watchers and presentities are described in  and may be offered to OSA applications. In addition to the authorisation performed by the OSA Framework, the presence service checks that the application is permitted to access the presence service.
An OSA application may manage or query availability status and/or preferences of a user which may be associated with one or more services (e.g. voice call, IMS sessions, MMS …etc.). Such availability may be determined from a range of existing capabilities.
The following OSA capabilities shall be supported for an application:
– register as a presentity and/or watcher:
– the application shall be able to request the registration as a presentity and/or as a watcher in the presence service. This registration shall include the ability to establish as well as cancel a registration.
– supply presence related information to the network:
– the application shall be able to supply and/or update presence related information (presence information or availability) at any time. An application may modify the availability of a user. – request the querying and/or modification of presence related data:
– the application shall be able to request the querying and/or modification of data other than presence information related to watchers and/or presentities. Such data includes, but is not limited to any access rules pertaining to the presentity to be modified. An application may be able to request the management of availability preferences of a user. Management includes the setting, modification and deletion of availability preferences.
– request Presence related Information :
– the application shall be able to request presence related information. The application shall be able to request presence information about a presentity or may request the availability of a user. Such requests may be for the current information, on a periodic basis or for future changes in the presence related information (e.g. arming of event notifications).
– retrieve watcher information:
– the application shall be able to request watcher information about a presentity.
– manage presence agents:
- manage and maintain the dynamic presence information and capabilities associated with presence agents.
13.5.3 Presence Compatibility
Parlay OSA APIs shall be maintained and updated in accordance with ongoing industry work, specifically
OMA Presence-SIMPLE and XDM and within IETF WGs SIP and SIMPLE.
13.7 Multimedia Messaging function
The Multimedia Messaging function enables applications to receive and send multi-media messages.
13.8 Content Management function
OSA shall provide Content Management functionality.
The Content Management function enables an application to introduce content into the network and handle the content lifecycle. Contents may be consumed by other applications or users.
The OSA Content Management function shall enable an application to:
– upload contents onto the network;
– delete content that resides in the network;
– receive notification of events related to the uploading or deletion of own content
– update the content description information that resides in the network;
– retrieve content description information from the network;
– receive notification of events related to content from other applications, based on content description information keywords;