09.023GPPMobile Application Part (MAP) specificationTS
Clauses 18 to 25 describe the use of MAP services for GSM signalling procedures. GSM signalling procedures may involve one or several interfaces running one or several application protocols. The present document addresses only the signalling procedures which require at least the use of one MAP service.
When a signalling procedure takes place in the network, an application process invocation is created in each system component involved. Part of the application process invocation acts as a MAP user and handles one or several MAP dialogues. For each dialogue it employs an instance of the MAP service provider. It may also use other communication services to exchange information on other interfaces, but detailed description of these aspects is outside the scope of the present document.
18.2 Common aspects of user procedure descriptions
18.2.1 General conventions
For each signalling procedure the present document provides a brief textual overview accompanied by a flow diagram which represent the functional interactions between system components. Functional interactions are labelled using the MAP service name when the interaction results from a service request or by this service name followed by the symbol "ack" when this interaction results from a service response.
For each of the system components involved, the present document also provides a detailed textual description of the application process behaviour as well as an SDL diagram. SDL diagrams describe the sequence of events, as seen by the MAP-User, which occurs at MAP service provider boundaries as well as external events which occur at other interfaces and which impact on the previous sequence.
External events do not necessarily correspond to the messages of other protocols used in the system component. The MAP-user procedures are described as if a set of interworking functions (IWF) between the MAP-user and the other protocol entities was implemented (see figure 18.2/1). Such interworking functions are assumed to perform either an identity mapping or some processing or translation as required to eliminate information irrelevant to the MAP-user.
The mapping of service primitives on to protocol elements is described in clauses 14 to 17.
GSM signalling procedures are built from one or more sub-procedures (e.g. authentication, ciphering, ….). Sub-procedures from which signalling procedures are built are represented using SDL MACRO descriptions.
In case of any discrepancy between the textual descriptions and the SDL descriptions, the latter take precedence.
18.2.2 Naming conventions
Events related to MAP are represented by MAP service primitives. The signal names used in the SDL diagrams are derived from the service primitive names defined in clauses 7 to 12, with some lexical transformations for readability and parsability purposes (blanks between words are replaced by underscores, the first letter of each word is capitalized).
Events received and sent on other interfaces are named by appending the message or signal name to a symbol representing the interface type, with some lexical transformations for readability and parsability purposes (blanks between words are replaced by underscores, the first letter of each word is capitalized).
The following symbols are used to represent the interface types:
"I": For interfaces to the fixed network. "I" stands for ISUP interface.
"A": For interfaces to BSS (i.e. A-interfaces);
"OM": For network management interfaces (communication with OMC, MML interface, …);
"SC": For interfaces to a Service Centre;
"HO_CA": For internal interfaces to the Handover Control Application.
"US": For a local USSD application.
These naming conventions can be summarized by the following BNF description:
<Event_Name> ::= <MAP_Primitive> | <External_Event>
<MAP_Primitive> ::= <MAP_Open> | <MAP_Close> | <MAP_U_Abort> | <MAP_P_Abort> |
<MAP_Specific> | <MAP_Notice>
<MAP_Open> ::= MAP_Open_Req | MAP_Open_Ind | MAP_Open_Rsp | MAP_Open_Cnf
<MAP_Close> ::= MAP_Close_Req | MAP_Close_Ind
<MAP_U_Abort> ::= MAP_U_Abort_Req | MAP_U_Abort_Ind
<MAP_P_Abort> ::= MAP_P_Abort_Ind
<MAP_Notice> ::= MAP_Notice_Ind
<MAP_Specific> ::= <MAP_Req> | <MAP_Ind> | <MAP_Rsp> | <MAP_Cnf>
<MAP_Req> ::= MAP_<Service_Name>_Req
<MAP_Ind> ::= MAP_<Service_Name>_Ind
<MAP_Rsp> ::= MAP_<Service_Name>_Rsp
<MAP_Cnf> ::= MAP_<Service_Name>_Cnf
<External_Event> ::= <Interface_Type>_<External_Signal>
<Interface_Type> ::= I | A | OM | SC | HO AC | US
<External_Signal> ::= <Lexical_Unit>
<Service_Name> ::= <Lexical_Unit>
<Lexical_Unit> ::= <Lexical_Component> | <Lexical_Unit>_ <Lexical_Component>
<Lexical_Component> ::= <Upper_Case_Letter><Letter_Or_Digit_List>
<Letter_Or_Digit_List> ::= <Letter_Or_Digit> | <Letter_Or_Digit_List><Letter_Or_Digit>
<Letter_Or_Digit> ::= <Letter> | <Digit>
<Letter> ::= <Lower_Case_Letter> | <Upper_Case_Letter>
<Upper_Case_Letter> ::= A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z
<Lower_Case_Letter> ::= a|b|c|d|e|f|g|h|i|j|k|l|m|n|o|p|q|r|s|t|u|v|w|x|y|z
<Digit> ::= 1|2|3|4|5|6|7|8|9|0
Figure 18.2/1: Interfaces applicable to the MAP-User
18.2.3 Convention on primitives parameters
22.214.171.124 Open service
When the originating and destination reference parameters shall be included in the MAP-OPEN request primitive, their value are indicated as a comment to the signal which represents this primitive.
126.96.36.199 Close service
When a pre-arranged released is requested, a comment is attached to the signal which represents the MAP-CLOSE request primitive. In the absence of comment, a normal release is assumed.
18.2.4 Version handling at dialogue establishment
Unless explicitly indicated in subsequent subclauses, the following principles regarding version handling procedures at dialogue establishment are applied by the MAP-user:
188.8.131.52 Behaviour at the initiating side
When a MAP user signalling procedure has to be executed, the MAP-user issues a MAP-OPEN request primitive with an appropriate application-context-name. If several names are supported (i.e. several versions) a suitable one is selected using the procedures described in clause 5.
If version 2 is selected and a MAP-OPEN Confirm primitive in response to the MAP-OPEN request is received with a result parameter set to "refused" and a diagnostic parameter indicating "application-context-not-supported" or "potential incompatibility problem", the MAP-User issues a new MAP-OPEN request primitive with the equivalent version one context. This is informally represented in the SDL diagrams by a task symbol indicating "Perform Vr procedure".
If version 3 is selected and a MAP-OPEN Confirm primitive in response to the MAP-OPEN request is received with a result parameter set to "refused" and a diagnostic parameter indicating "application-context-not-supported" or "potential incompatibility problem", the MAP-User issues a new MAP-OPEN request primitive with the equivalent version one or version two context. This is informally represented in the SDL diagrams by task symbols indicating "Perform Vr procedure"
184.108.40.206 Behaviour at the responding side
On receipt of a MAP-OPEN indication primitive, the MAP-User analyses the application-context-name.
If it refers to a version one context, the associated V1 procedure is executed; if it refers to a version two context, the associated V2 procedure is executed, otherwise the associated V3 procedure is executed.
18.2.5 Abort Handling
Unless explicitly indicated in subsequent subclauses, the following principles are applied by the MAP-user regarding abort handling procedures:
On receipt of a MAP-P-ABORT indication or MAP-U-ABORT Indication primitive from any MAP-provider invocation, the MAP-User issues a MAP-U-ABORT Request primitive to each MAP-provider invocation associated with the same user procedure.
If applicable a decision is made to decide if the affected user procedure has to be retried or not.
18.2.6 SDL conventions
The MAP SDLs make use of a number of SDL concepts and conventions, where not all of them may be widely known. Therefore, this subclause outlines the use of a few concepts and conventions to improve understanding of the MAP SDLs.
The MAP User SDLs make use of SDL Processes, Procedures and Macros. Processes are independent from each other even if one process starts another one: The actions of both of them have no ordering in time. SDL Procedures and Macros are just used to ease writing of the specification: They contain parts of a behaviour used in several places, and the corresponding Procedure/Macro definition has to be expanded at the position of the Procedure/Macro call.
All Processes are started at system initialization and live forever, unless process creation/termination is indicated explicitly (i.e. a process is created by some other process).
The direction of Input/Output Signals in the SDL graphs is used to indicate the entity to which/from which communication is directed. If a process A communicates in parallel with processes B and C, all Inputs/Outputs to/from B are directed to one side, whereas communication with C is directed to the other side. However, there has been no formal convention used that communication to a certain entity (e.g. a HLR) will always be directed to a certain side (e.g. right).
In each state all those Input Signals are listed, which result in an action and/or state change. If an Input Signal is not listed in a state, receipt of this input should lead to an implicit consumption without any action or state change (according to the SDL rules). This implicit consumption is mainly used for receipt of the MAP DELIMITER indication and for receipt of a MAP CLOSE indication, except for a premature MAP CLOSE.
18.3 Interaction between MAP Provider and MAP Users
Each MAP User is defined by at least one SDL process. On the dialogue initiating side the MAP User will create a new instance of a MAP Provider implicit by issuing a MAP-OPEN request. This instance corresponds to a TC Dialogue and lives as long as the dialogue exists (see also subclause 14.3). There is a fix relation between MAP User and this Provider instance, i.e. all MAP service primitives from the MAP User for this dialogue are sent to this instance and all TC components received by this MAP Provider are mapped onto service primitives sent to this MAP User.
On the receiving side a MAP Provider instance is created implicit by receipt of a TC BEGIN indication. The corresponding MAP User is determined by the Application Context name included in this primitive, i.e. each Application Context is associated with one and only one MAP User. An instance of this User will be created implicit by receiving a MAP-OPEN indication. Note that in some cases there exist several SDL Processes for one MAP User (Application Context), e.g. the processes Register_SS_HLR, Erase_SS_HLR, Activate_SS_HLR, Deactivate_SS_HLR, Interrogate_SS_HLR, and Register_Password for the AC Network_Functional_SS_Handling. In these cases, a coordinator process is introduced acting as a MAP User, which in turn starts a sub-process depending on the first MAP service primitive received.