09.073GPPGeneral Requirements on Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) and the Intergrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) or Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN)TS
General Network Interworking Scenarios are described in GSM 09.01. Since the numbering plan for the ISDN era (E.164) includes the numbering plan for the telephone network (E.163), it is not possible to distinguish by the number whether a given subscriber is a PSTN or ISDN subscriber. Further, in some countries both PSTN and ISDN subscribers will be connected to the same exchange, so the only difference for this type of combined network will be in the nature of the customer access. In this document a PSTN is considered to support only an analogue interface towards the subscriber. An ISDN shall be considered to support digital interface towards the subscriber. In addition, the ISDN is considered to support a standardized outband signalling protocol both between the subscriber and the network and within the network, i.e. DSS1 and ISUP, thus enabling the generation and transport of Compatibility Information for compatibility checking and terminal/function/service selection at the user‑network interface as well as for MSC/IWF selection.
There now exist networks which do not fall into either of these categories in that they provide for digital connectivity from subscriber to subscriber through the network. The subscribers have access to a wide range of services by a limited set of standard multi‑purpose user network interfaces. However, these networks do not support the standardized inter‑exchange signalling protocol throughout, in that they are e.g. using TUP or National User Part (NUP). These types of network support 64 kbit/s connections, so in service support are comparable to ISDN, however, the signalling system provided may not support transport of all Compatibility Information allowed for in the standardized ISDN signalling. This document will therefore identify interworking to PSTN and ISDN on the principle of the network characteristics as identified in the previous paragraph. The aforementioned existing networks then constitute one particular case in the ISDN interworking scenarios. These cases will be itemized when the implication of the various degrees of exhaustiveness of the Compatibility Information ‑ delivered via the ISDN ‑ used for deducting a GSM Basic Service needs to be set forth.
When two dissimilar networks are required to interwork in order to support a communication between two subscribers, one on each network, a number of Interworking Functions (MSC/IWFs) are required to support the communication. Some of these are related to the differences in signalling and are dealt with in GSM 09.03.
Examples of other aspects of interworking are:
a) the need or otherwise of echo control devices;
b) the need or otherwise of modem pools and network‑based rate adaptation.
For the purposes of determining the required MSC/IWFs, it is necessary, however, to consider separately each type of interworking (i.e. PLMN‑ISDN and PLMN‑PSTN) since, in the worst case, "PSTN" could refer to an essentially analogue network with electromechanical switching not controlled by software and without common‑channel signalling.
Some facilities associated with alternate speech and data may not be available with version 1 of the MAP (GSM 09.02). Version 1 of the Mobile Application Part (MAP) does not support transfer between the HLR and VLR, and VLR and VMSC of multiple bearer capabilities. In addition, version 1 of the MAP does not support in‑call modification and channel mode modification following an inter‑MSC handover.