4 Main concepts

03.343GPPHigh Speed Circuit Switched Data (HSCSD)Stage 2TS

The air interface user rate in the original GSM data transmission is limited to 9.6 kbps with the 12 kbps air interface rate. The HSCSD described in the present document Stage 2 description allows higher air interface user rates to be used for transparent and non-transparent data services.

NOTE: In the present document the term "air interface user rate" corresponds to the transfer rate in radio interface for user data and "air interface rate" includes additional data related to transmission protocols.

HSCSD is a feature enabling the co-allocation of multiple full rate traffic channels (TCH/F) into a HSCSD configuration. The aim of HSCSD is to provide a mixture of services with different air interface user rates by a single physical layer structure. The available capacity of a HSCSD configuration is several times the capacity of a TCH/F, leading to a significant enhancement in the air interface data transfer rate.

Figure 1 represents the network architecture to support GSM HSCSD based on the concept of multiple independent channels in one HSCSD configuration.

Figure 1: Network architecture for supporting HSCSD

In the above concept all lower layer standards for all interfaces between the network elements shall remain identical to those specified in Phase 2. A new functionality is introduced at the network and MS to provide the functions of combining and splitting the data into separate data streams which will then be transferred via n channels at the radio interface, where n = 1, 2, 3, … 8. Once split, the data streams shall be carried by the n full rate traffic channels, called HSCSD channels, as if they were independent of each other, for the purpose of data relay and radio interface L1 error control, until to the point in the network where they are combined. However, logically the n full rate traffic channels at the radio interface belong to the same HSCSD configuration, and therefore they shall be controlled as one radio link by the network for the purpose of cellular operations, e.g. handover. This requires a new functionality in BSS.

The different user data substreams carried on the radio channels (one substream being the data flow over a single TCH) shall be mapped over the A interface, and vice versa, following the rules defined in GSM 04.08 [3] and GSM 08.20 [8].

On the A and E interfaces, the use of resources is restricted to one 64 kbps circuit by multiplexing the data streams into one A interface circuit (see ITU‑T Recommendation I.460 [8]).

4.1 HSCSD service aspects

At call setup a user indicates a maximum number of TCH/F, acceptable channel codings, possible other modem type, and fixed network user rate values. For non-transparent HSCSD connection, in addition, wanted air interface user rate is indicated and the network resource needs, if user wishes to make use of the user initiated modification of the maximum number of TCH/F and/or wanted air interface user rate (user initiated service level up- and downgrading described in subclause 5.2.4) during the call. Together these parameters describe the HSCSD characteristics and network uses them to allocate an appropriate HSCSD connection.

For both transparent and non-transparent HSCSD connections the call can be established with any number of TCH/F from one up to the maximum number of TCH/F, i.e. the minimum channel requirement is always one TCH/F.

If the wanted air interface user rate requirement cannot be met using a symmetric configuration, an asymmetric configuration can be chosen. The network shall in this case give priority to fulfilling the air interface user rate requirement in downlink direction.

For non-transparent HSCSD connection the network can use dynamic allocation of resources, i.e. TCH/F, as long as the configuration is not in contradiction with the limiting values defined by the MS and the mobile equipment is capable of handling the allocated channel configuration. For transparent HSCSD connection the dynamic resource allocation is applicable, if the air interface user rate is kept constant. The change of channel configuration within the limits of minimum and maximum channel requirements is done with resource upgrading and resource downgrading procedures (described in subclause 5.2.3) during the call.

The MS may request a service level up- or downgrading during the call, if so negotiated in the beginning of the call. This modification of channel requirements and/or wanted air interface user rate is applicable to non-transparent HSCSD connections only.