22.1003GPPTSUMTS Phase 1
The UMTS system will be defined in a phased approach. The present document addresses the UMTS phase 1 capabilities for Release ’99 and it provides pointers to other 22.000 series documents which contain detailed requirements.
The UMTS phase 1 requirements can be met by the capabilities of GSM phase 2+ Release ‘99 including specific enhancements for UMTS. Additional developments to fully meet the requirements for UMTS phase 1 standardisation are listed in the present document for Release ’99 requirements.
The fundamental difference between GSM and UMTS phase 1 resides in the support of high bit rate bearer services with the notion of negotiated traffic and QoS characteristics. UMTS phase 1 shall in particular support bursty and asymmetric traffic in an efficient way. This shall allow UMTS phase 1 to support single- and multi-media N-ISDN applications and single- and multi-media IP applications.
The phase 1 USIM is developed on the basis of the phase 2+ Release ‘99 SIM. When UMTS specific requirements have not been stated in the present document it is assumed that the GSM phase 2+ Release ‘99 specifications for the SIM is adopted for the UMTS phase 1 requirements.
No specific requirement is addressed for the mobile termination since it relates to the UMTS access stratum and to the UMTS core network (depending whether peer entities end either in the access or in the core).
A UMTS network is logically divided into a radio access network and a core network, connected via an open interface. The core network is from a functional point of view divided into a Packet Switched Service Domain and a Circuit Switched Service Domain. Networks and terminals may have only the PS domain or only the CS domain or both domains implemented.
Regarding the phase 1 standardisation of UMTS access network, only the UTRAN (including all UTRA modes if several modes are defined) is considered as being part of the UMTS access network. Other types of access networks are for further consideration. UTRAN is a new access network and as such all the UTRAN requirements are defined in the present document. This includes in particular the interoperability requirements put on the UTRAN and GSM BSS access networks to cater with UMTS networks operating the two types of access networks.
UMTS phase 1 shall be developed in such a way that it supports compatibility with an evolved GSM network from the point of view of roaming and handover. This could be achieved by evolving from a GSM phase 2+ network but does not exclude other developments. Therefore, phase 1 specifications shall allow operators to introduce new technologies (such as ATM, IP, …). An overall UMTS system approach is needed for UMTS phase 1 development as it is more than the addition of a UTRAN to a GSM Phase 2+ architecture. Requirements to the GSM phase 2+ core network for UMTS should be incorporated.
To enable operators to utilize the network resources efficiently, the optimization of the signalling load as well as the reduction of the required overall transmission capacity is a critical success factor. Therefor the standard should aim for an architecture with minimal signalling traffic and optimized transmission infrastructureCommon subscriber data management for CS and PS traffic should be implemented in all relevant network elements. Furthermore the standard should support an integrated node (MSC/SGSN) for PS and CS traffic as well as separated nodes as in GSM/GPRS.
From the viewpoint of the necessity of providing multi-vendor environments, interfaces within the UTRAN (such as Iub) shall be standardized. However, since operator dependent O&M requirements over these interfaces may exist, specifications should be able to be expanded flexibly according to operator specific requirements
It should be noted that the advanced bearer capabilities of the phase 1 UMTS access network may not be fully supported by the phase 1 UMTS core network. This however guarantees the viability of the UMTS access network to allow the scope within phase 1 to support broadband bearer services.
A standard default speech codec shall be standardised for UMTS phase 1. UMTS should support tandem free operation from day 1 to enable lower transmission costs and for higher speech quality. Crossphase compatibility issues in transcoder location should be considered when moving from Phase 1 UTRAN Release ‘99 to later releases in which transcoder free operation will be supported.
4.1 Post UMTS Phase 1 Release ’99 operation
After phase 1 Release ’99, the new capabilities of UMTS shall be defined in annual releases where each release constitutes a coherent set of specifications covering UMTS mobile station, access network and core network.
UMTS phase 1 should facilitate evolution towards a single integrated core network infrastructure.
The introduction of Phase 1 UMTS shall not limit or restrict the evolution to later UMTS releases, however, the different starting points to introduce UMTS need to be taken into account.
Cross Phase compatibility shall be considered from day 1 and should include the following aspects:
1) Terminals (e.g. support of phase1 terminals in later releases of UMTS networks and vice-versa).
2) Signalling and protocols, including UTRAN to Core Network, inter network and terminal to network.
- Security aspects (e.g. the relationship of GSM and UMTS security mechanisms).
Efficient mechanisms for communicating versions and managing cross phase issues shall be designed into the UMTS system from the very start. The mechanisms should be applicable to any components of the system that are planned to be, or might in the future be, phased. These principles might be applicable to: Hardware, Firmware, Software, APIs.