08.563GPPBSC-BTS Layer 2SpecificationTS
The LAPD functions as specified in ETS 300 125 are applicable. However, the exceptions and modifications specified in the remainder of the present document shall be used.
6.1 Exceptions and modifications
In the following headlines from ETS 300 125 are kept and references are made to the corresponding subclause of ETS 300 125.
6.1.2 Command/Response field bit (C/R)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 3.3.2)
In GSM PLMN’s BSC represents the network side and TRX/BCF the user side of the interface.
6.1.3 Service Access Point Identifier (SAPI)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 3.3.3)
The SAPI values for the A-bis interface are as listed in table 1.
Table 1: Allocation of SAPI values and priority classes
6.1.4 TEI for point-to-point data link connection
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 126.96.36.199)
The remaining Terminal Endpoint Identifier (TEI) values are used for the point-to-point data link connections associated with the addressed Service Access Point (SAP). The range of TEI values shall be allocated as shown in table 2.
Table 2: Allocation of TEI values
NOTE: A BCF is given a separate layer 2 link only if it is not integrated with a TRX.
6.1.5 Commands and responses
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 3.6.1)
The XID command and response are not used.
6.1.6 Exchange identification (XID) command/response
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 3.6.12)
This functionality is not used.
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 188.8.131.52)
This functionality is not used.
6.1.8 PH-DATA, PH DEACTIVATE and PH-ACTIVATE
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclauses 184.108.40.206 – 220.127.116.11)
This functionality is not relevant.
6.1.9 MPH-ACTIVATE, MPH-DEACTIVATE an MPH-INFORMATION
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclauses 18.104.22.168 – 22.214.171.124)
This functionality is not relevant.
6.1.10 Priority indicator
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 126.96.36.199)
The different SAPIs are given the priority classes as listed in table 1 when contending (with priority one as the highest).
6.1.11 Terminal Endpoint Identifier (TEI) management procedures
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3)
Due to the special assignment functions needed on the A-bis interface there are modifications and additions to the assignment procedures. The rest of subclause 5.3 in ETS 300 125, part 2, is kept if not stated otherwise.
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3.1)
TEI management for A-bis interface is based on the following procedural means:
– a Subset of the TEI assignment procedures;
– the TEI check procedures;
– the TEI remove procedures;
– an additional TEI assignment procedure.
The TEI management needs procedures to check the used TEI values and procedures for reaction in situation where more than one TRX equipment uses the same TEI value. In addition to the fixed values it shall be possible to use additional TEI value to the same TRX equipment and thus increase the signalling capacity.
188.8.131.52 TEI assignment procedure
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3.2)
The TEI assignment procedure used on the A-bis interface has some additions to the automatic TEI assignment procedure specified in ETS 300 125, part 2.
To facilitate the configuration control in the BSC each TRX will have a fixed TEI and possibly get access to one or more additional TEIs assigning physical channels/layer 2 links.
The layer 2 links may all be turned on and off according to the normal automatic TEI assignment scheme but the TRX may only request identified TEI values which is (semi-) permanently programmed or programmed by operation and maintenance messages.
In GSM the reference number Ri is not used. It is only misoperation situations resulting from double failures that could be prevented/solved faster by this parameter. The marginal advantage is not supposed to motivate the application of a random generator and the checking procedure.
The subset of the automatic assignment procedure applicable for the first layer 2 link to a TRX shall have the following modifications to ETS 300 125, part 2:
– the identity request shall have an Ai value in the range 0-63 identifying the TEI value which is requested for activation;
– on reception of the identity request message the BSC will check that the requested TEI may be used from the configurations aspects and then perform a normal TEI check procedure to prevent a double assignment;
– if the TEI request is accepted an identity assigned message with the requested TEI number is received by TRX before the expiry of timer T202;
– a successful assignment procedure is shown in figure 2.
Figure 2: A successful assignment procedure
If timer T202 expires the assignment procedure did not succeed, and the TRX will take further actions in accordance with the procedures as specified in ETS 300 125, part 2.
If within the assignment procedure an identity check response is received, then the requested TEI value is already in use. There shall be no answer to the requesting TRX and an error indication shall be sent to O&M.
An example of a non-successful assignment procedure is shown in figure 3.
Figure 3: An example of assignment in error case (TEI value already in use)
The additional TEI assignment procedure is equivalent to the normal one with two exceptions:
– the TEI value is in the range: 64-126;
– the TEI value and the identification of which physical link it shall operate on is transmitted to the TRX from BSC in an operation and maintenance message. This layer 3 O&M message is transferred on an already assigned layer 2 link. (See 12-series of 3GPP Technical Specifications).
The successful additional assignment procedure is shown in figure 4.
Figure 4: The procedure for assigning an additional TEI to a TRX or BCF
184.108.40.206 TEI identity verify procedure
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3.5)
This procedure is not used.
220.127.116.11 Formats and codes.
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3.6)
All messages except Identity verify and Identity denied are used. The Ai is used as described in subclause 18.104.22.168, the modification to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.3.2. The Ri parameter is not used and will always be coded 0000 0000.
The coding of each field of the various messages is specified in table 3.
Table 3: Codes for messages concerning TEI management procedures
6.1.12 Automatic negotiation of data link layer parameters
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.4 and annex IV)
The procedures are not supported.
6.1.13 Establishment procedures
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 22.214.171.124)
The timer T203 shall be implemented in the equipment on both sides of interface A-bis.
6.1.14 N(S) sequence error
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.8.1 and appendix I)
As it is the case in ETS 300 125, the optional procedure for retransmission as described in Appendix I is not supported.
6.1.15 List of system parameters
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9)
All the default values are given in the following subclauses.
126.96.36.199 Timer T200
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.1)
The default value of timer T200 is 240 ms starting from the end of a transmitted frame.
NOTE: This timer depends on the timer values used for supervising the message flow between the Mobile Station (MS) and the network. The proper operation of the procedure requires timer T200 to be greater than the maximum time between transmission of command frames and the reception of their corresponding response or acknowledgement frames and shorter than the shortest layer 3 timer used for supervising this message flow.
188.8.131.52 Maximum number of retransmissions (N200)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.2)
The default value of (N200) is 3.
184.108.40.206 Maximum number of octets in an information field (N201)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.3)
The default and maximum value of (N201) is 260 octets for all SAPI values.
220.127.116.11 Maximum number of transmission of the TEI identity request message (N202)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.4)
Not used (i.e. equivalent to infinity).
18.104.22.168 Maximum number of outstanding frames (K)
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.5)
For the SAPI value 0 identifying radio signalling the default (K) value shall be 2. For all other SAPIs the value shall be set to the fixed value of 1.
NOTE: The value of K for SAPI value 0 shall always be greater than the k value for the other SAPIs.
22.214.171.124 Timer T201
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.6)
Timer T201 shall have the default value 1 second.
126.96.36.199 Timer T202
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.7)
The minimum time between the transmission of TEI Identity request messages is a system parameter (T202) which shall be set to 15 seconds.
188.8.131.52 Timer T203
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.9.8)
The timer T203 represents the maximum time allowed without frames being exchanged for each TEI. The value of timer T203 shall be 10 seconds.
6.1.16 Data link layer monitor function
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, subclause 5.10)
The supervisory function will be used in the equipment on both sides of the A-bis interface.
(Refer to ETS 300 125, part 2, appendix I-IV)
The functionalities specified in appendix I-IV of ETS 300 125, part 2, is not used.
Annex A (informative):
Version for Release 99
Update to 3GPP TS style. Editorial corrections to reference clause. IPR clause removed.