7.7 Receiver spurious emissions

36.1413GPPBase Station (BS) conformance testingEvolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA)Release 17TS

7.7.1 Definition and applicability

The spurious emissions power is the power of emissions generated or amplified in a receiver that appear at the BS receiver antenna connector. The requirements apply to all BS with separate RX and TX antenna ports. The test shall be performed when both TX and RX are on, with the TX port terminated.

For TDD BS with common RX and TX antenna port the requirement applies during the Transmitter OFF period. For FDD BS with common RX and TX antenna port the transmitter spurious emission as specified in clause 6.6.4 is valid.

For BS capable of multi-band operation where multiple bands are mapped on separate antenna connectors, the single-band requirements apply and the excluded frequency range is only applicable for the operating band supported on each antenna connector.

Unless otherwise stated, a BS declared to be capable of E-UTRA with NB-IoT in-band and guard band operations is only required to pass the receiver spurious emissions tests for E-UTRA with guard band operation; it is not required to perform the receiver spurious emissions tests again for E-UTRA with in-band operation.

7.7.2 Minimum Requirements

The minimum requirement is in TS 36.104 [2] subclause 7.7.1.

7.7.3 Test purpose

The test purpose is to verify the ability of the BS to limit the interference caused by receiver spurious emissions to other systems.

7.7.4 Method of test

7.7.4.1 Initial conditions

Test environment: normal; see subclause D.2.

RF channels to be tested for single carrier: M, see subclause 4.7.

Base Station RF Bandwidth edge positions to be tested for multi-carrier and/or CA: MRFBW in single-band operation, see subclause 4.7.1; BRFBW_T’RFBW and B’RFBW_TRFBW in multi-band operation, see subclause 4.7.1.

1) Connect a measurement receiver to the BS antenna connector as shown in Annex I.2.6.

2) Enable the BS receiver.

3) Terminate the BS Tx antenna connector as shown in Annex I.2.6.

7.7.4.2 Procedure

1) For a E-UTRA FDD FDD BS declared to be capable of single carrier operation only, start BS transmission according to E-TM 1.1 at manufacturer’s declared rated output power.

For a E-UTRA FDD FDD BS declared to be capable of multi-carrier and/or CA operation, set the BS to transmit according to E-TM 1.1 on all carriers configured using the applicable test configuration and corresponding power setting specified in clause 4.10 and 4.11

For E-UTRA BS declared to be capable of NB-IoT in-band or guard band operation single carrier operation only, start BS transmission according to E-TM 1.1. and N-TM at manufacturer’s declared rated output power.

For a E-UTRA BS declared to be capable of NB-IoT in-band or guard band operation multi-carrier, set the BS to transmit according to E-TM 1.1 on all E-UTRA carriers and to N-TM on all NB-IoT carriers configured using the applicable test configuration and corresponding power setting specified in clause 4.10 and 4.11.

For a BS declared to be capable of NB-IoT standalone single carrier operation only, start BS transmission according to N-TM at manufacturer’s declared rated output power.

For a BS declared to be capable of NB-IoT standalone multi-carrier operation, set the BS to transmit according to N-TM on all carriers configured using the applicable test configuration and corresponding power setting specified in clause 4.10 and 4.11

For a E-UTRA and NB-IoT standalone BS, set the BS to transmit according to E-TM 1.1 on all E-UTRA carriers and according to N-TM on all NB-IoT carriers configured using the applicable test configuration and corresponding power setting specified in clause 4.10 and 4.11

2) Set measurement equipment parameters as specified in table 7.7-1.

3) Measure the spurious emissions over each frequency range described in subclause 7.7.5.

4) Repeat the test for the Rx port(s), which was (were) terminated.

In addition, for a multi-band capable BS, the following step shall apply:

5) For multi-band capable BS and single band tests, repeat the steps above per involved band where single band test configurations and test models shall apply with no carrier activated in the other band. For multi-band capable BS with separate antenna connector, the antenna connector not being under test in case of single-band or multi-band test shall be terminated.

7.7.5 Test requirements

The power of any spurious emission shall not exceed the levels in Table 7.7-1.

In addition to the requirements in Table 7.7-1, the power of any spurious emission shall not exceed the levels specified for Protection of the E-UTRA FDD BS receiver of own or different BS in Clause 6.6.4.5.3 and for Co-existence with other systems in the same geographical area in Clause 6.6.4.5.4. In addition, the co-existence requirements for co-located base stations specified in subclause 6.6.4.5.5 may also be applied.

Table 7.7-1: General spurious emission test requirement

Frequency range

Maximum level

Measurement Bandwidth

Note

30MHz ‑ 1 GHz

-57 dBm

100 kHz

1 GHz ‑ 12.75 GHz

-47 dBm

1 MHz

12.75 GHz ‑ 5th harmonic of the upper frequency edge of the UL operating band in GHz

-47 dBm

1 MHz

Applies only for Bands 22, 42, 43, 48 or 49.

12.75 GHz ‑ 26 GHz

-47 dBm

1 MHz

Applies only for Band 46

NOTE: The frequency range between 2.5 * BWChannel below the first carrier frequency and 2.5 * BWChannel above the last carrier frequency transmitted by the BS, where BWChannel is the channel bandwidth according to Table 5.6‑1, may be excluded from the requirement. However, frequencies that are more than 10 MHz below the lowest frequency of any of the BS supported downlink operating band or more than 10 MHz above the highest frequency of any of the BS supported downlink operating band (see Table 5.5-1) shall not be excluded from the requirement.

For BS capable of multi-band operation, the excluded frequency range applies for all supported operating bands. For BS capable of multi-band operation where multiple bands are mapped on separate antenna connectors, the single-band requirements apply and the excluded frequency range is only applicable for the operating band supported on each antenna connector.

NOTE: If the above Test Requirement differs from the Minimum Requirement then the Test Tolerance applied for this test is non-zero. The relationship between Minimum Requirements and Test Requirements is defined in subclause 4.1 and the explanation of how the Minimum Requirement has been relaxed by the Test Tolerance is given in Annex G.