05.083GPPRadio subsystem link controlTS
Recognizing the necessity to request a handover the BSS shall send a "handover required message" to the MSC containing the preferred list of target cells.
The "handover required message" shall be also generated in answer to a "handover candidate enquiry message" sent by the MSC.
The BSS decision algorithm shall be based on the following strategy:
RXLEV_NCELL(n) > RXLEV_MIN(n) + Max (O, Pa) (1)
where: Pa = (MS_TXPWR_MAX(n)‑P)
(Min(MS_TXPWR_MAX,P) ‑ RXLEV_DL ‑ PWR_C_D) ‑(Min(MS_TXPWR_MAX(n),P) ‑
RXLEV_NCELL(n)) ‑ HO_MARGIN(n) > 0 (2)
All these expressions shall be evaluated using the averaged values defined by the parameters Hreqt and Hreqave.
The BSS shall evaluate the equation (2) for each of the adjacent cells that satisfies the expression (1) and shall compile the list of the preferred adjacent cells ordinated depending on the value of equation (2) (i.e. in the first position is the cell for which the value is the maximum, in the second position is the cell with the second best value and so on).
If there are any adjacent cells for which the values of RXLEV_MIN(n), HO_MARGIN(n) and MS_TXPWR_MAX(n) are not known, i.e. the MS has reported values from an undefined adjacent cell, then the default parameters shall be used to evaluate equations 1 and 2, i.e. RXLEV_MIN_DEF, HO_MARGIN_DEF, MS_TXPWR_MAX_DEF. This enables handover to occur in situations where a call is set up in unexpected coverage area of a cell, without defined adjacent cells.
If there are several cells that satisfy the equation (2) with the same results, the first cell in the list will be that one with the best "positive trend". The trend shall be evaluated by the BSS using the last Hreqt averaged values of RXLEV_NCELL(n).
If the handover is considered imperative, that is one of the following events is verified as the cause:
a) the power level (UL and/or DL) is below the thresholds despite power control (the MS or/and the BSS have reached the maximum allowed power);
b) the quality of the link (UL and/or DL) is below the threshold while at the same time the RXLEV approximates the threshold;
c) the distance between MS and BTS exceeds the MAX_MS_RANGE.
The list of the preferred cells shall be compiled including any candidates for which the result of the equation (2) is lower than 0. Also in this case the list shall be compiled in a decreasing order of priority.
A.4.1 Internal intracell handover according to radio criteria: (Interference problems)
The two conditions RXQUAL_XX > L_RXQUAL_XX_H (bad quality) and RXLEV_XX > RXLEV_XX_IH, if verified at the same time, indicate a high probability of the presence of co‑channel interference.
This situation can be solved by changing the channel within the cell with an intracell handover.
If internal intracell handover is supported by the BSS it shall be performed as described in 3GPP TS 08.08.
If the BSS does not support internal intracell handover, then the handover shall be initiated by sending a "handover required message" to the MSC in which the serving cell is indicated as first priority.
A.4.2 Internal handover according to other criteria
Apart from radio criteria there are other criteria that may require internal handover:
‑ O&M criteria;
‑ Resource management criteria.
In these cases, internal handover shall be triggered by the OMC or by the resource management of the BSS.
A.4.3 General considerations
Since the RF power control process and the handover process are closely linked, particular care shall be taken in order to avoid undesired interactions between them.
In particular, the following interactions should be avoided, where possible:
‑ a "power increase command" or a "handover for RXLEV or for RXQUAL" subsequent to a "power reduction command" (e.g. by checking that the averaged power level reduced by the Pow_Red_Step_Size plus the tolerances is greater than the L_RXLEV_XX_P or L_RXLEV_XX_H);
‑ a "power reduction command" subsequent to a "power increase command".
After an action of power control the set of samples related to the previous power level, in the corresponding link, shall not be used in the processing.
If, during the decision process, the condition for the "handover required message" is satisfied at the same time by different reasons. The "cause field" in the "handover required message" sent to the MSC, shall contain the reasons taking account of the following order of priority: