B.2.1 system setup

38.1513GPPNRRelease 17TSUser Equipment (UE) Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Over-the-Air (OTA) performance requirements

The 3D MPAC test method is the reference methodology for FR2 NR MIMO OTA testing. By arranging an array of antennas around the Equipment Under Test (EUT), a spatial distribution of angles of arrival in the 3D MPAC system may be simulated to expose the EUT to a near field environment that appears to have originated from a complex multipath far field environment.

As illustrated schematically in Figure B.2.1-1, signals propagate from the base station/communication tester to the EUT through a simulated multipath environment known as a spatial channel model, where appropriate channel impairments such as Doppler and fading are applied to each path prior to injecting all of the directional signals into the chamber simultaneously through the probe array. The resulting field distribution in the test zone is then integrated by the EUT antenna(s) and processed by the receiver(s) just as it would do so in any non-simulated multipath environment. The 3D MPAC system with 6 dual-polarized probes (illustrated with black dots in Figure B.2.1-1) placed on a sector with minimum radius of 0.75m from the centre of the test zone is permitted for NR FR2 MIMO OTA testing.

Figure B.2.1-1: 3D MPAC system layout for NR FR2 MIMO OTA testing

The exact probe locations with respect to the OTA test system coordinate system are tabulated in Table B.2.1-1.

Table B.2.1-1. FR2 3D MPAC Probe Locations in OTA test system coordinate system

Probe Number

Theta [deg]

Phi

[deg]

1

0.0

0.0

2

11.2

116.7

3

20.6

-104.3

4

20.6

104.3

5

20.6

75.7

6

30.0

90.0

The 3D MPAC probes in Table B.2.1-1 can be implemented using conventional millimetre-wave probes as well as IFF-based probes as long as the same probe configuration and same number of probes is used.

The channel model parameters and probe locations for channel model implementation are defined in a channel model coordinate system, which is illustrated in figure B.2.1-2. The channel model coordinate axes xCM, yCM, and zCM correspond to the OTA test system coordinate axes z, y, and –x, respectively.

Vis_Probes_P1_towards_z

Figure B.2.1-2: Channel Model Coordinate Axes in FR2 3D-MPAC system

The probe locations with respect to channel model coordinate axes are tabulated in table B.2.1-2.

Table B.2.1-2. FR2 3D MPAC Probe Locations in Channel Model Coordinate System

Probe Number

Theta [deg]

Phi [deg]

1

90

0

2

85

10

3

85

-20

4

85

20

5

95

20

6

90

30

The channel model rotations assumed for this probe configuration are tabulated in Table B.2.1-3.

Table B.2.1-3. Channel Model Rotations

UMi CDL-C

Phi [deg]

Theta [deg]

32

15.0

This channel model rotation assumes the relative orientations of BS and UE antennas displayed in Figure B.2.1-3, i.e., the DUT antenna is pointed towards the BS in channel model coordinate system.

In order to avoid positioning ambiguities, the turntable implementing the rotation in  shall match the intended DUT  for P0 Orientation 1 without the re-positioning approach, as defined in Annex A.3 in [2], applied. With the re-positioning approach applied, the relative orientation between the DUT and the probes for P0 Orientation 2 shall be the same the relative orientation between DUT and probes as for P0 Orientation 1.

DiagramDescription automatically generated

Figure B.2.1-3: Relative orientations of BS and UE antennas.

Since the test points are uniformly spaced in 3D already, Table B.2.3-1, there is no need to adjust/rotate the DUT rotations by the channel model rotations.