Windows – Can you make a Windows 10 ISO with both Pro/Home and 32/64-bit flavors

iso-imagewindows 10windows-installation

The Microsoft Download Windows 10 page hosts a tool which lets you download an ISO for Windows 10. This tool lets you select a version of Windows (Home, Pro, or N-versions) and then burn an ISO that includes both 32-bit and 64-bit versions.

Conversely, their Windows 10 ISO* page lets you download an ISO that is only 32-bit or 64-bit, but it will contain both Home and Pro versions.

To make things easier for admins, is it possible to have all 4 configurations in the same ISO?

  • 32-bit Home
  • 32-bit Pro
  • 64-bit Home
  • 64-bit Pro

*NOTE: Confusingly, the "Windows 10 ISO" page automatically re-directs to the "Download Windows 10" page if viewed on a Windows 7/8/8.1 PC. To download these ISOs you must use a Windows XP virtual Machine, OS X, or other etc.

Best Answer

Well, I simply tried the brute force way: I let the tool create a dual-architecture ISO and examined it for a bit. It contains a regular Windows bootloader with entries for both x86 and x64 versions of the setup, residing in folders instead of the drive root.

Then I simply removed the original x86 and x64 folders, because they contained only a single edition (going by size, anyway). In their place, I added the whole contents of the regular MSDN ISOs, which contain both editions.

I then created an ISO image using the oscdimg tool (available here):

oscdimg -m -o -u2 –udfver102 -bootdata:2#p0,e,bG:\WinISO\boot\,e,bG:\WinISO\efi\microsoft\boot\efisys.bin G:\WinISO G:\Win10.iso

(Command line courtesy of this blog)

Important: The source (and possibly destination) directory must not reside on a volume that is ReFS-formatted and/or hosted on Storage Spaces. Otherwise, oscdimg will fail with

Error 87: The parameter is incorrect.

Both architectures installed successfully in both BIOS mode, the x64 version worked with UEFI, too. The x86 version is, however, not bootable in UEFI mode. This can probably be fixed somehow. The original x86 ISO is UEFI-bootable. (Edit-addition/correction: Various sources suggest that under UEFI, windows/setup kernel must match the underlying processor architecture, ie. x32/86 Windows 10 will only install on an x32 machine, and x64 only an an x64 supporting CPU. Seeing as you don't often see UEFI x32 machines that doesn't seem to be much of an issue. See here)

Because I don’t think Microsoft will mind, I zipped the base layout of the disk, it’s available here (19.4 MiB). That means you won’t have to download a dual-architecture ISO to get started. The archive doesn’t include oscdimg, so you’ll have to get that from the page linked above.

(Addition: This Multi-boot (x64/32, Pro/Home) ISO method also works for a bootable USB drive. You can make such a drive using the various popular methods, and then just replace the files/layout with the same one used for this ISO. Some care must be taken though if you want a USB drive that boots both traditional MBR/Bios and UEFI, as the UEFI requirements can be a bit picky.)