How does tor encrypt information from your ISP or local network

encryptionnetworkingtor

At my work, I have a network administrator that presumably sees everything I connect to on the internet (and has banned things like Facebook, Youtube, etc). However, tor seems to let me through those blocks. How does Tor prevent my network admin and local network from seeing what I'm doing. It seems to me that everything I request from my browser must go through my work's router/network first. Can't they see these initial requests? Does this anonymity also apply to downloading?

Best Answer

The Wikipedia article explains this quite nicely.

Basically, you run a proxy on your system which encrypts outgoing traffic, so no, your admin cannot see what you are doing, as data only leaves your system in encrypted form.