How to add more passphrases for GPG symmetric encryption


With GPG I can encrypt file symmetrically, as for example described here: How do I symmetrically encrypt a file using gpg?. On decryption it will show (among other lines):

gpg: encrypted with 1 passphrase

How can I add more than one passphrase on encrypting the file?


  • I know it is possible to add multiple recipients in the asymmetric encryption.
  • One can encrypt the file both symmetric and asymmetric at the same time. From the manpage of gpg:

    -e     Encrypt data. This option may be combined with --sign (for  a
           signed  and  encrypted  message),  --symmetric (for a message
           that may be decrypted via a secret key or a  passphrase),  [...]
  • A message on the gnupg mailing list from 2004 indicates that it is not yet possible. Now almost 10 years later and this might not be correct anymore.

Best Answer

GnuPG still has not implemented the ability to add multiple passphrases for symmetric encryption.