Windows – Unable to run .jar files by double-clicking them on Windows 7

jarjavawindows 7

Running a .jar file in the command line works fine, but I am unable to execute .jar files on my PC by double-clicking them. What is interesting, the same .jar files successfully execute on my laptop with a double-click.

I included %JAVA_HOME\bin and JDK_HOME\bin in the PATH variable.
I have JAVA_HOME set to C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_121.
I have JDK_HOME   set to C:\Program Files\Java\jdk1.8.0_121.

For some period of time, the Java(TM) Platform SE binary disappeared from the Open with list, and I could not add it until I changed the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\jar_auto_file\shell\open\command key in regedit.exe to the appropriate version:

C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_121\bin\javaw.exe" "%1".

Here is a snapshot of Windows CMD with java -version entered on my PC:
java -version in Windows CMD

I tried the following methods, with no success:

  • reinstalling both JRE and JDK,
  • associating .jar files with C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_121\bin\javaw.exe,
  • using assoc .jar=jarfile and ftype jarfile="C:\Program Files\Java\jre1.8.0_121\bin\javaw.exe" -jar "%1" %* in command line,
  • creating a new system Environment Variable OPENDS_JAVA_ARGS and setting it to -jar.

Additional information:

  • I am using Windows 7 Professional 64-bit (Service Pack 1) with latest
    updates installed both on my PC and laptop.
  • Running .jar files by double-clicking them used to work on my PC,
    but suddently stopped working some time ago. I did not modify
    anything related to Java.
  • I have the newest version of both JRE and JDK (Java 8 version 121).
  • Of the .jar files I am trying to run, some are GUI Swing applications
    and some open the system console (if not already open) using
    Runtime.getRuntime().exec(String[]).

I have already tried fixing this problem with solutions on the following links (without success):

Notes:

  • I do not want to open .jar files with WinRAR.
  • I do not want to open .jar files by running java -jar jarfile.jar in cmd.exe.
  • I am not looking for a 3rd party application to run .jar files.

For now, I am using C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe /k "java -jar C:\path\to\jarfile\Program.jar" as a shortcut location to run jar files, but I am not satisfied with this solution as this opens the console to run even Swing applications.

I asked the same question over on stackoverflow, but it was pointed out to me that superuser is more suitable for this kind of question.

Best Answer

  • I ran into someone who had the same problem you did today. And somehow, I managed to fix it, although I am not sure entirely what fixed it; I can only offer you the approximate series of steps I've taken.

    Using regedit, I found that HKEY_CURRENT_USER and HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE registry entries weren't in agreement. HKLM had the typical .jar->jarfile setup, with jarfile pointing to the right path. HKCU had a .jar -> jar_auto_file association which pointed to an old an invalid path.

    Editing this path did not fix it. I also tried pointing it to jarfile, which didn't help either. I fussed with assoc and ftype a bit to see if this might wake Windows up; I figured the anti-hijacking functionality somehow prevented Windows from listening to the updated path. Sadly, it didn't do much.

    So eventually I just deleted the jar_auto_file entry. This gave me partial happiness: Windows finally realized the entry in the Open With menu was the one with a working path. (Selecting the correct path/file in the past would never stick around correctly.) Sadly doubleclicking was still broken. However, just making sure the 'Always open this type of file with this program' box was checked and opening it finally fixed the association well enough that doubleclicking actually worked again.

  • Related Question