# Which archive file formats provide recovery protection against file corruption

archivingfile-corruptioniso-imagezip

I use my external HDD to back up my files, by putting them into large archive files.

I have thousands of tiny files, and put them into archives of 500MB to 4.2GB in size, before sending them to the external HDD. But, does one hard disk failure destroy the whole archive or only one file in the archive? I fear that one flipped bit could render large parts of the archive useless.

Things like CRC checks can alert you to the existence of corruption, but I am more interested in the ability to recover the undamaged files from a corrupted archive. What archive file formats would provide the best ability to recover from such failures, either through the native design of the archive structure or the existence of supplementary recovery tools? Is there any difference in this capability between zip and iso files?

Long story short, take a look at .par files.