Linux – ZFS Beginner Setup with Different Size Drives

hard drivelinuxraidraid-zzfs

Sorry for the noobie questions, I've been Googling all sorts of walkthroughs to create my ZFS raid, but I can't seem to find the correct links for the answers I'm looking for.

This is my first attempt for a RAID, and from all I've read, it seems that zfs is the best way to go.

  1. What happens if I have to change the underlying hardware behind the zfs pool? Like the mobo / processor, what happens if that dies on me in a year or two; can I port my zfs pool somehow?
  2. I've got quite the set of different sized drives, and i'm trying to get the most storage space out of it with redundancy. What is the best setup for this config, and how much space will I be losing by using these different size drives. I am not creating this for any speed requirements, I just want a file server for multiple HTPCs. My currently available drives for this are:
    • 1x 500GB 'Hybrid' Drive
    • 1x 1TB Drive
    • 1x 3TB Drive
    • 1x 4TB Drive (will be added to the pool later, currently holding all the data from the the drives listed above)
  3. Will adding the 4TB drive to the pool later be a problem of any kind?
  4. Any recommendations on a Linux OS to run this all on, and should I use a separate drive for the OS? I'm familiar with Ubuntu, RHEL, and OpenSUSE / SLES.

Any help is very appreciated, I'm continuing to read up on this, just a lot to take in at once, any links on where to start would be very helpful as well.

Best Answer

What happens if I have to change the underlying hardware behind the zfs pool? Like the mobo / processor, what happens if that dies on me in a year or two; can I port my zfs pool somehow?

A ZFS pool is not hardware dependent. Just make sure your HBA (Host Bus Adapter) isn't doing something like encrypting your data at the hardware level. ZFS works best with a HBA like an LSI 9211-8i or an IBM m1015 cross-flashed to use the 9211-8i firmware, not a full blow "hardware" RAID card.

I've got quite the set of different sized drives, and i'm trying to get the most storage space out of it with redundancy. What is the best setup for this config, and how much space will I be losing by using these different size drives. I am not creating this for any speed requirements, I just want a file server for multiple HTPCs. My currently available drives for this are: 1x 500GB 'Hybrid' Drive 1x 1TB Drive 1x 3TB Drive 1x 4TB Drive (will be added to the pool later, currently holding all the data from the the drives listed above)

If I were you I would sell the smaller drives and put the money towards larger drives of all the same size. It will make your life a lot easier. Also, you cannot just add drives to a ZFS pool. There are constraints. Read here.

Will adding the 4TB drive to the pool later be a problem of any kind?

Possibly. I am in a similar position. At some time in the future I will have to increase my storage capacity. At that time I plan on purchasing a second HBA and a new array of larger drives. I will then transfer all the data from my existing drives to my new drives then sell my existing drives. There may be other (cheaper) ways around this, but doing it this way:

  1. Keeps all of my drives the same size
  2. Only has the additional cost of an extra HBA, which isn't a bad thing to have laying around anyhow
  3. Does not require me to replace my drives one at a time, re-silvering after each replacement.

Any recommendations on a Linux OS to run this all on, and should I use a separate drive for the OS? I'm familiar with Ubuntu, RHEL, and OpenSUSE / SLES.

Don't use Linux, it does not have native ZFS support. Linux support of ZFS comes from ZFS on Linux and zfs-fuse. The current state of ZFS is in flux as Oracle tries their best to ruin it. ZFS will likely branch at version 28 in the very near future, so don't make your ZFS pool with any version greater than 28 unless you are 100% certain you want to stick with an Oracle solution. Currently FreeBSD and its spinoffs support ZFS version 28.

Since you are a self proclaimed ZFS noob I would recommend FreeNAS. I have been using it for awhile now and I'm pretty happy with it. It will definitely allow the most straight forward setup for you.

Additional Thoughts:

Make sure you choose the correct level of parity for your particular use case. Specifically, make sure you plan around URE. Basically you don't want to use RAID 5 (RAID Z1) if you are using anything larger than 2TB drives. There are some other factors to consider that may prompt you to increase your level of parity data as well. Here is a good article on the subject.

Update:

It has been 1.5 years since I posted this answer and in that time I have been giving ZFS on Linux (Ubuntu server specifically) another chance. It has come a long way since I tried first tried it and I'm pretty happy so far. My reason for switching was the installation restrictions on FreeNAS and the jailing system. I wanted to use my server for more than just a NAS server and FreeNAS makes that hard. The jailing system is good and very secure, but I didn't really need that level of security in my home and I didn't want to deal with logging into a jail every time I wanted to unzip a file. I think FreeNAS is still a good choice if you are just getting started with ZFS (because of the web interface) or if you just want a NAS appliance (i.e. no other server functionality needed).