Python – How to use Python requests to fake a browser visit a.k.a and generate User Agent

pythonpython-requestsuser-agentweb scrapingwget

I want to get the content from this website.

If I use a browser like Firefox or Chrome I could get the real website page I want, but if I use the Python requests package (or wget command) to get it, it returns a totally different HTML page.

I thought the developer of the website had made some blocks for this.

Question

How do I fake a browser visit by using python requests or command wget?

Best Answer

Provide a User-Agent header:

import requests

url = 'http://www.ichangtou.com/#company:data_000008.html'
headers = {'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_10_1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/39.0.2171.95 Safari/537.36'}

response = requests.get(url, headers=headers)
print(response.content)

FYI, here is a list of User-Agent strings for different browsers:


As a side note, there is a pretty useful third-party package called fake-useragent that provides a nice abstraction layer over user agents:

fake-useragent

Up to date simple useragent faker with real world database

Demo:

>>> from fake_useragent import UserAgent
>>> ua = UserAgent()
>>> ua.chrome
u'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/32.0.1667.0 Safari/537.36'
>>> ua.random
u'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/36.0.1985.67 Safari/537.36'
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