# Ubuntu – A tool to get window dimensions

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I need a tool to get the width and height of an arbitrary window.

Ideally, that tool would deduct the size of the Ubuntu's menu bar.

From your own answer, I understand you are looking for a convenient GUI tool, so:

### Small GUI tool to get both the net size and the real size of a window (dynamically updated)

As explained further below in "Explanation", both wmctrl and xdotool return a slightly incorrect windowsize.

The script (indicator) below will show both the "real" size and the net size of a window in the panel.

### The script

#!/usr/bin/env python3
import signal
import gi
gi.require_version('AppIndicator3', '0.1')
gi.require_version('Gtk', '3.0')
import subprocess
from gi.repository import Gtk, AppIndicator3, GObject
import time

def get(cmd):
try:
return subprocess.check_output(cmd).decode("utf-8").strip()
except subprocess.CalledProcessError:
pass

# ---
# uncomment either one of two the lines below; the first one will let the user
# pick a window *after* the indicator started, the second one will pick the
# currently active window
# ---

window = get(["xdotool", "selectwindow"])
# window = get(["xdotool", "getactivewindow"])

class Indicator():
def __init__(self):
self.app = 'test123'
iconpath = "unity-display-panel"
self.indicator = AppIndicator3.Indicator.new(
self.app, iconpath,
AppIndicator3.IndicatorCategory.OTHER)
self.indicator.set_status(AppIndicator3.IndicatorStatus.ACTIVE)
self.indicator.set_label(" ...Starting up", self.app)
# daemonize the thread to make the indicator stopable
self.update.setDaemon(True)
self.update.start()

# separator
# quit
item_quit.connect('activate', self.stop)

def show_seconds(self):
sizes1 = None
while True:
time.sleep(1)
sizes2 = self.getsize(window)
if sizes2 != sizes1:
self.indicator.set_label,
sizes2, self.app,
priority=GObject.PRIORITY_DEFAULT
)
sizes1 = sizes2

def getsize(self, window):
try:
nettsize = [int(n) for n in get([
"xdotool", "getwindowgeometry", window
]).splitlines()[-1].split()[-1].split("x")]
except AttributeError:
subprocess.Popen(["notify-send", "Missing data", "window "+window+\
" does not exist\n(terminating)"])
self.stop()
else:
add = [l for l in get(["xprop", "-id", window]).splitlines() if "FRAME" in l][0].split()
displ_sizes = ["x".join(geo) for geo in [[str(s) for s in nettsize], totalsize]]
string = " "+displ_sizes[0]+" / "+displ_sizes[1]
return string+((25-len(string))*" ")

def stop(self, *args):
Gtk.main_quit()

Indicator()
signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal.SIG_DFL)
Gtk.main()


### How to use

1. The script needs xdotool to be installed:

sudo apt-get install xdotool

2. Copy the script into an empty file, save it as getwindowsize.py

3. Test- run the script from a terminal window by the command:

python3 /path/to/getwindowsize.py

4. The script picks the focussed window to dynamically show the net windowsize (as in the output of both wmctrl and xdotool) and the real window size, including decorators etc.

If you close the targeted window, the indicator shows a message:

5. If all works fine, add it to a shortcut key: choose: System Settings > "Keyboard" > "Shortcuts" > "Custom Shortcuts". Click the "+" and add the command:

python3 /path/to/getwindowsize.py


## Explanation

### The window size, as it is displayed by both wmctrl and xdotool

...is slightly incorrect

You mention:

Ideally, that tool would deduct the size of the Ubuntu's menu bar

The complete story is that both wmctrl -lG and xdotool getwindowgeometry return the size of the window without menu bar, or, as it is explained in this answer:

What's happening is that wmctrl is returning the geometry of the window inside the decorations (i.e. not including the title bar and borders)

### How to get the correct, "real" size

To get the information correctly, we can run

xprop -id <window_id> | grep FRAME


This will output like:

_NET_FRAME_EXTENTS(CARDINAL) = 0, 0, 28, 0


Here we get the values we need to add to the window's size, as output from wmctrl and xdotool, to the left, right, top and bottom of the window.

In other words, in this case, if a wmctrl shows a size of 200x100, the real size is 200x128.

### Note

As suggested by OP, the user can also pick a window after the indicator was started, by replacing:

window = get(["xdotool", "getactivewindow"])


by:

window = get(["xdotool", "selectwindow"])


In the script, either one of these lines can be uncommented.