Ubuntu – After installing nginx with Passenger support in ‘/opt’, why won’t it start from ‘init.d’


I went through a tutorial http://craiccomputing.blogspot.com/2010/10/passenger-3-nginx-and-rvm-on-mac-os-x.html and everything was ok. There were no errors.

Nginx with Passenger support was successfully installed.

The Nginx configuration file (/opt/nginx/conf/nginx.conf)
must contain the correct configuration options in order for Phusion Passenger
to function correctly.

This installer has already modified the configuration file for you! The
following configuration snippet was inserted:

  http {
      passenger_root /home/alex/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.3-p194/gems/passenger-3.0.14;
      passenger_ruby /home/alex/.rvm/wrappers/ruby-1.9.3-p194/ruby;

After you start Nginx, you are ready to deploy any number of Ruby on Rails
applications on Nginx.

However I can't start it.

alex@ubuntu:~$ sh -x /etc/init.d/nginx start
sh: 0: Can't open /etc/init.d/nginx

sudo /etc/init.d/nginx start
sudo: /etc/init.d/nginx: command not found

The directory opt/nginx exists and there are files in it. Localhost:80 doesn't work either.

Any suggestions?

Best Answer

The normal way to install nginx is via apt-get (or Synaptic or SW Center) and that doesn't put anything in /opt, AFAIK. In that case, you can stop/start it by simply issuing:

sudo service nginx start|stop|restart (etc)

If your nginx installed itself in /opt, I doubt it would have touched the /etc/init.d directory...