Ubuntu – Are there 2 packages for some applications (e.g. Chromium) in Ubuntu Software

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When I search for Chromium in Ubuntu Software on Ubuntu 16.04, There are 2 options.

When I search for Chromium in Ubuntu Software, There are 2 images. Which one Do I select?

Which one should I select?


The same can be observed with VLC media player, Clementine, Inkscape etc.

Best Answer

  • The first and the third items are both the Chromium browser. The former is a snap package and the latter is a Debian package.

    You can confirm this from the version numbers and descriptions. The first:

    enter image description here

    matches:

    $ snap search chromium
    Name      Version       Developer  Notes  Summary
    chromium  62.0.3202.75  canonical  -      Chromium web browser, open-source version of Chrome
    

    The second:

    enter image description here

    matches:

    $ apt search chromium-browser
    Sorting... Done
    Full Text Search... Done
    chromium-browser/xenial-updates,xenial-security 62.0.3202.75-0ubuntu0.16.04.1313 amd64
      Chromium web browser, open-source version of Chrome
    

    and the AppStream description:

    $ appstreamcli search chromium
    Identifier: chromium-browser.desktop [desktop-application]
    Name: Chromium Web Browser
    Summary: Access the Internet
    Package: chromium-browser
    Icon: chromium-browser_chromium-browser.png
    

    Using the gnome-software command should help. Both of these commands open the third entry:

    gnome-software --details=chromium-browser.desktop
    gnome-software --details-pkg=chromium-browser
    

    Here, chromium-browser.desktop is the AppStream ID, and chromium-browser is the package name.