Ubuntu – Bluetooth Broadcom 43142 isn’t working

bluetoothbroadcomdriversfirmwarewireless

Bluetooth is on but can't find or be found by any other devices.

Output of sudo service bluetooth status:

● bluetooth.service - Bluetooth service
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/bluetooth.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
   Active: active (running) since ხუთ 2015-06-04 22:33:18 GET; 13min ago
 Main PID: 26678 (bluetoothd)
   CGroup: /system.slice/bluetooth.service
           └─26678 /usr/sbin/bluetoothd -n

ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/HFPAG
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/HFPHS
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/A2DPSource
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/A2DPSink
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/HFPAG
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/HFPHS
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/A2DPSource
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: bluetoothd[26678]: Endpoint registered: sender=:1.63 path=/MediaEndpoint/BlueZ4/A2DPSink
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: Adapter /org/bluez/26678/hci0 has been enabled
ივნ 04 22:39:14 Rangoo bluetoothd[26678]: bluetoothd[26678]: Adapter /org/bluez/26678/hci0 has been enabled

Output of lsusb:

Bus 003 Device 005: ID 0a5c:21d7 Broadcom Corp. BCM43142 Bluetooth 4.0

How can I fix it?

Best Answer

  • You need to install firmware.

    Distribution of Broadcom firmware is not allowed by Broadcom license. So you need to get it yourself. It is a bit complex, but there is no other legal way.

    1. Download Broadcom Windows 8 driver or FROM HERE.

      If your device is not listed in these drivers, you'll need to find a newer version of it somewhere. Broadcom removed the latest drivers from their site to make it more difficult.

      Some laptop vendors have Bluetooth drivers on their sites, but some of them are not unzippable. So it is some quest. I could download the latest Broadcom drivers from their site, but it is not there any more.

    2. Open this file by Archive Manager and find there bcbtums-win8x86-brcm.inf file. Name of the file may differ in some drivers. It can be bcbtums.inf located at Win32 or Win64 directory. It does not matter 32 or 64 bit to download.

    3. Search this file for VID_0A5C&PID_21D7. These numbers are from your lsusb output

      0a5c:21d7 Broadcom Corp. BCM43142 Bluetooth 4.0.

      Comment: Some devices are not recognized as Broadcom BT in lsusb. If you are unsure which one is your BT device, run usb-devices command, it will give more detailed information. There you can find product and vendor IDs.

      You will see some line ending with RAMUSB21D7

      Search this file for RAMUSB21D7. You will find a section there like that:

      [RAMUSB21D7.CopyList]
      bcbtums.sys
      btwampfl.sys
      BCM43142A0_001.001.011.0122.0126.hex
      

      That's what we are looking for. Name of the firmware file. BCM43142A0_001.001.011.0122.0126.hex

    4. Now extract that firmware from the same cab file.

      Then you need to convert this file from hex to hcd format.

    5. Download the tool for that

      git clone git://github.com/jessesung/hex2hcd.git
      cd hex2hcd
      make
      

      You will get hex2hcd folder in your home directory.

    6. Place the firmware file to your home folder and run

      ~/hex2hcd/hex2hcd ~/BCM43142A0_001.001.011.0122.0126.hex ~/BCM43142A0-0a5c-21d7.hcd
      

      You see that 0a5c-21d7 is id of your adapter from lsusb.

      Important: For kernels 4.2+ you call this file as BCM.hcd instead.

      ~/hex2hcd/hex2hcd ~/BCM43142A0_001.001.011.0122.0126.hex ~/BCM.hcd
      

      For kernels 4.8+ name of the file should be BCM-<VID>-<PID>.hcd, like BCM-0a5c-21d7.

      For kernel 5.0 the file name is again BCM43142A0-0a5c-21d7.hcd

      Now just copy BCM43142A0-0a5c-21d7.hcd, or another file according to the kernel version to /lib/firmware/brcm directory by

      sudo cp ~/BCM43142A0-0a5c-21d7.hcd /lib/firmware/brcm
      

      For kernels 4.2+

      sudo cp ~/BCM.hcd /lib/firmware/brcm
      

      For kernels 4.8+

      sudo cp ~/BCM-0a5c-21d7.hcd  /lib/firmware/brcm
      

      You can always check if the file name is correct by running dmesg | grep -i blue. There will be an error message if the file is not found.

      If the requested file name doesn't match the file you created, rename the hcd file.

    7. Turn your computer off and on again. Not just reboot!

      Your adapter will get firmware and bluetooth should work.

    All this looks complicated, but it is Broadcom lawyers to blame for that. Most of other vendors allow to re-distribute firmware under condition that it is done accompanied with the license.

    That allows Linux maintainers to include firmware in distributions.

    But not in case of Broadcom. That's why it is not done an easy way.

    Many people could convert all hex files to hcd and make them available. Or just add them to the linux-firmware package of Ubuntu.

    But it is not legal :-((

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