# Ubuntu – How to edit the binary or hexadecimal data of a file in Ubuntu

binarysoftware-recommendationtext-editor

Disclaimer: This is not the same as What are some good GUI binary viewers/editors?.

How do I edit the binary data of a file in a gedit like editor? Eg:

00001010101010010101


And how do I edit the hexadecimal data of a file in a gedit like editor? eg:

91021AF9B


I do not want one editor with both. I want two different editors.

I have looked a GHex and it is not what I want.

• You can use vim which should already be installed.

Just to make sure, go ahead and install vim:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vim


Now, use the vim command :% !xxd -b to edit binary like in this example:

vim /path/to/filename


note: you can drag and drop the file into the terminal to automatically fill in the path for you

Once the file is open, press ESC and then type :% !xxd -b and then press ENTER.

Alternatively, you can add the flag -g4 to group the bits into 32 bit packets like :% !xxd -b -g4

For hex edit, use the vim command :% !xxd instead or :% !xxd -g4

Press ESC and then i for "INSERT" mode which allows you to edit.

Press ESC and then type :w followed by ENTER to save the file.

Press ESC and then type :q followed by ENTER or ESC and then type :q! followed by ENTER to exit the file.

Vim takes some getting used to but is really great once you take the time to learn how it works.

Additionally, vim allows you to edit just about anything including sqlite and all kinds of other stuff.

Also, when you convert a binary to hex and then edit, I think you may need to convert back to binary by using :% xxd -r command as described here.

More info can be found at the official wiki by clicking here.

Here is a similar post:

https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/282215/how-to-view-a-binary-file/282220

A very similar editor is bvi. Run the following command to install:
sudo apt-get install bvi