Ubuntu – How to get `apt-get update` to work on a machine with no internet access and manually assigned IP address

16.04aptapt-mirrormirrorspackage-management

I have set up apt-mirror and downloaded the latest ubuntu packages successfully in a machine that can access the internet. The goal is to use this machine as the repository when doing apt-get update on the target machine that cannot access the internet. Both machines have been set up with manual IP addresses, and both machines are running with Ubuntu 16.04 as the OS. The etc/apt/sources.list in the target machine has only 1 line:

deb http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted multiverse universe

But when I do sudo apt-get update on the target machine, I get the following error:

Ign:1 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main InRelease
Ign:2 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main Release
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Ign:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Ign:14 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe i386 Packages
Ign:15 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe all Packages
Ign:16 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en_HK
Ign:17 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe Translation-en
Err:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages
  404  Not Found
Ign:4 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted i386 Packages
Ign:5 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted all Packages
Ign:6 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en_HK
Ign:7 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted Translation-en
Ign:8 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse amd64 Packages
Ign:9 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse i386 Packages
Ign:10 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse all Packages
Ign:11 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en_HK
Ign:12 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/multiverse Translation-en
Ign:13 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/universe amd64 Packages
Reading package lists... Done
W: The repository 'http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main Release' does not have a Release file.
N: Data from such a repository can't be authenticated and is therefore potentially dangerous to use.
N: See apt-secure(8) manpage for repository creation and user configuration details.
E: Failed to fetch http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages  404  Not Found
E: Some index files failed to download. They have been ignored, or old ones used instead.

On the target machine:

  1. The /etc/resolve.conf file contains the following:

    # Dynamic resolv.conf(5) file for glibc resolver(3) generated by resolvconf(8)
    #     DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE BY HAND -- YOUR CHANGES WILL BE OVERWRITTEN
    nameserver 127.0.1.1
    
  2. The /etc/network/interfaces contains the following:

    # interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
    auto lo
    iface lo inet loopback
    

Also, since the only line in the output of apt-get update that explicitly says error is Err:3 http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial main/restricted amd64 Packages, I checked if the file exists by doing the following in the target machine

wget http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages

And I see that the file is there, as I get the following output:

--2017-12-21 17:23:24--  http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages
Connecting to <local_repo_IP>:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 127112 (124K)
Saving to: ‘Packages’

Packages                100%[============================>] 124.13K  --.-KB/s    in 0s      

2017-12-21 17:23:24 (469 MB/s) - ‘Packages’ saved [127112/127112]

I also checked to see if I can ping successfully from the target machine to the repo machine. That works out too.

PING <local_repo_IP> (<local_repo_IP>) 56(84) bytes of data.
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.169 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.671 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=3 ttl=64 time=0.186 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=4 ttl=64 time=0.190 ms
64 bytes from <local_repo_IP>: icmp_seq=5 ttl=64 time=0.315 ms
^C
--- <local_repo_IP> ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 5 received, 0% packet loss, time 4047ms
rtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.169/0.306/0.671/0.190 ms

So, what is wrong with apt-get update? How can I fix it and get it to work?

P.S. I just noticed that the error says http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages. Why is it trying to look for restricted packages inside main? Shouldn't it be looking in http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages? Indeed when I do wget http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages, it gives the following error:

--2017-12-21 17:26:06--  http://<local_repo_IP>/ubuntu/dists/xenial/dists/main/restricted/binary-amd64/Packages
Connecting to <local_repo_IP>:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found
2017-12-21 17:26:06 ERROR 404: Not Found.

What's going on here? Why is it trying to check for a non-existing directory? And how do I make apt-get update point to the correct path?

Best Answer

  • I found the solution to be to edit the etc/apt/sources.list file to include files of only the system's architecture:

    deb [arch=amd64] http://192.168.12.61/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted multiverse universe

    Now when I do the update, its not giving any error:

    $ sudo apt update
    Hit:1 http://192.168.12.61/ubuntu xenial InRelease
    Reading package lists... Done
    Building dependency tree       
    Reading state information... Done
    All packages are up to date.
    

    Just thought of posting this as a possible solution for anyone who might be having the same issue.