Ubuntu – How to install npm on 17.10

17.10aptelectronnpm

I just wanted to install npm via terminal and now I am just stuck with some dependencies.

It wants me to install a few dependencies, for example:

libssl1.0-dev
nodejs-dev
node-gyp

Even if I try to install these first, it tells me I need the predecessor before.

Last instance of dependency is libssl-dev and this seems already installed.

Target is to install npm for making this electron fork run on my system.

Thanks for you help.

Best Answer

  • Note: This answer has been updated since when it was first posted because there is now a better way of installing the latest version of npm which is built-in with the node snap package for installing Node.js. After running the below commands running npm -v will show that the latest version of npm is installed and being used.


    Node.js is available as a snap package in all currently supported versions of Ubuntu. Specific to Node.js, developers can choose from one or more of the currently supported releases and get regular automatic updates directly from NodeSource. Node.js versions 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13 and 14 are currently available, with the Snap Store being updated within hours or minutes of a Node.js release.

    Node can be installed with a single command, for example:

    sudo snap install node --classic --channel 11/stable # also install snapd in 14.04 
    

    The node snap can be accessed by the command node, for example:

    $ node -v  
    v11.5.0

    An up-to-date version of npm will installed as part of the node snap. npm should be run outside of the node repl, in your normal shell. After installing the node snap run the following command to enable npm update checking:

    sudo chown -R $USER:$(id -gn $USER) /home/your-username/.config

    Replace your-username in the above command with your own username. Then run npm -v to check if the version of npm is up-to-date. As an example I checked that npm was up-to-date, checked the version of an already installed package named yarn with the command npm list yarn and then updated the existing yarn package to the latest version with the command npm update yarn

    Users can switch between versions of Node.js at any time without needing to involve additional tools like nvm (Node Version Manager), for example:

    sudo snap refresh node --channel=10/stable
    

    Users can test bleeding-edge versions of Node.js that can be installed from the latest edge channel which is currently tracking Node.js version 12 by switching with:

    sudo snap switch node --edge
    

    This approach is only recommended for those users who are willing to participate in testing and bug reporting upstream.

    Node.js LTS Schedule

    Release LTS Status  Codename    LTS Start       Maintenance Start Maintenance End
    6.x     Active      Boron       2016-10-18      April 2018        April 2019
    7.x     No LTS              
    8.x     Active      Carbon      2017-10-31      April 2019        December 2019
    9.x     No LTS              
    10.x    Active      Dubnium     October 2018    April 2020        April 2021  
    11.x    No LTS                                  2019-04-01        2019-06-30
    12.x                            2019-10-22      2021-04-01        2022-04-01
    13.x    No LTS                                  2020-04-20        2020-06-01
    14.x    Current     Fermium     2020-10-20      2021-10-20        2023-04-30
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