Ubuntu – How to install Tor

privacysoftware installationtor

I tried to install Tor on my new version of Ubuntu, but it seems that Tor is not available in the repositories.

How else can I install and use Tor?

Best Answer

  • If you want to anonymously browse the internet using the Tor network

    If you want to anonymously do other things using the Tor network

    As of 2014-02-13, The Tor Project's Ubuntu installation page says:

    "You'll need to set up our package repository before you can fetch Tor. First, you need to figure out the name of your distribution. A quick command to run is lsb_release -c or cat /etc/debian_version. If in doubt about your Debian version, check the Debian website. For Ubuntu, ask Wikipedia. Then add this line to your /etc/apt/sources.list file:

    deb http://deb.torproject.org/torproject.org <DISTRIBUTION> main
    

    where you put the codename of your distribution (i.e. lenny, sid, saucy or whatever it is) in place of <DISTRIBUTION>.

    Then add the gpg key used to sign the packages by running the following commands at your command prompt:

    gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv 886DDD89
    gpg --export A3C4F0F979CAA22CDBA8F512EE8CBC9E886DDD89 | sudo apt-key add -
    

    Now refresh your sources, running the following command (as root) at your command prompt:

    apt-get update
    

    If there are no errors you're good to continue.

    We provide a Debian package to help you keep our signing key current. It is recommended you use it. Install it using:

    apt-get install deb.torproject.org-keyring
    

    To finally install Tor just run:

    apt-get install tor
    

    Now Tor is installed and running. Move on to step two of the "Tor on Linux/Unix" instructions.

    The DNS name deb.torproject.org is actually a set of independent servers in a DNS round robin configuration. If you for some reason cannot access it you might try to use the name of one of its part instead. Try deb-master.torproject.org, mirror.netcologne.de or tor.mirror.youam.de."

    Step Two of "Tor on Linux/Unix" instructions:

    "For information on how to Torify other applications, check out the Torify HOWTO."