# Ubuntu – How to make/use launcher

docky

In ubuntu, I can run firefox with the command firefox in Terminal, or click the button in dock or panel.

How does this possible with ubuntu? I googled to find the name launcher, but I don't know exactly how does it work.

• Q1 : How to make launcher? If I make a GUI program, does that mean that I need to create launcher to start by clicking it?
• Q2 : Can I make a launcher for whatever program, even if it's not a GUI program?
• Q3 : How to link a launcher? How can make a link to a launcher in a Desktop to start a program?
• Q4 : The idea of launcher is unique to ubuntu? Or if I have one launcher, can I use it for other distributions?
• Q5 : Why some of the program pops up its icon in Docky (firefox for example), but some of the program doesn't (p4v for example) ?

Q1. If you right-click on a panel, you can "Add to panel" several things.... including a launcher. Similarly, you can right click the desktop and add a launcher. No, you don't have to create a launcher always. You can do it, or not.

Q2. Yes

Q3. Right clicking, as I said. Actually, launchers are text files... for instance, this is the content of my Desktop firefox launcher:

lubuntu2@PORTATIL:~/Escritorio\$ cat Firefox.desktop
#!/usr/bin/env xdg-open

[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Terminal=false
Icon[es_ES]=firefox
Name[es_ES]=Firefox
Exec=firefox
Name=Firefox
Icon=firefox


Q4. No, it's not ubuntu's exclusive. And I guess you're asking about the format, not the "idea", as you said, because Windows has its so-called "shortcuts" so that you can start an application .

Q5. You can add other apps to Docky, configuring Docky itself. In fact, that an application appears in Docky or not does not depend on the application itself, but on Docky.