We have dozens of virtual machines in several data centers around the world. When upgrading an Ubuntu VM from 14 to 16 (as a step toward upgrading them to Ubuntu 18), the network interface names change. I am aware of this, and I know why they change, so that is not my question. My question is where does the number (the 33 in ens33, the 192 in ens192, etc.) come from? I have read many StackExchange questions and answers about what to do to get the server working: that is not the problem. What I want to know is how to predict what the ens### will be before the server is upgraded to Ubuntu 16. I have looked at lshw and lspci, and I can't see any reason why these numbers are chosen.
Please: where does the 192 (or 33, or anything else) come from?