Ubuntu – Installing Ubuntu 18.04 can’t see the partitioned HDD

dual-bootpartitioningsystem-installationubiquity

My computer is running on Windows 10 and I want to dual boot it with Ubuntu 18.04.

Disk Sizes are:

C: 148GB  
D: 399GB  
E: 199GB  
F: 155GB  
I: 349MB(System Reserved)

I have freed up 25GB unallocated space from F: drive (which was 180GB). I have MBR partitions and not GPT. Previously my disc was dynamic then I learnt that Ubuntu needs basic disk to be installed. Hence it showed: Ubuntu installer not showing free unallocated space when I had dynamic disk

I converted my dynamic disks to basic disk using AOMEI Dynamic Disk Manager Pro. Here is what my Windows disk management shows:

Disk Manager

but now I see this green box line that says these 4 partition are now "Extended Partition".

I went ahead to install Ubuntu, but all I see in the installer is:

Ubuntu installer not showing my HDD partitions

From the Ubuntu installer, I have run some commands from the terminal, those are:
lsblk

sudo fdisk -l /dev/sda

sudo fixparts /dev/sda

sudo LC_MESSAGES=POSIX sfdisk -d /dev/sda

Also I have run GParted and it shows:

Gparted

Please help me regarding this so that I can install Ubuntu in the free space which I had allocated for it, I am stuck in it for a long time.

Edit: After executing the commands given by David Foerster, I decided to run the Ubuntu installer again and the option "Install alongside Windows 10" was also available, but I chose to install Ubuntu in the free space which I created for it by going to the "Something Else" option.Install alongside Windows 10
freespace

Best Answer

Your partition table is invalid: primary partition #3 lies within the range of primary partition #4, which isn't too bad because #4 is an extended partition meant to contain logical partitions and #3 doesn't overlap with any of those logical partition, but it's still invalid and a careful partition manager will fail and do nothing instead of making things worse.

You can use fixparts to fix this issue (according to its manual page):

  1. Back up the current Master Boot Record (including the partition table) in case something goes wrong:

    sudo dd if=/dev/sda count=1 > /path/to/sda.mbr
    

    The path of the back-up file /path/to/sda.mbr should lie on a persistent storage device, e. g. a connected USB drive, as opposed to the ephemeral file system of a live system.

    • If something does go wrong and after you verified that /dev/sda still refers to desired drive (which may change on every boot) you can restore it with the following command:

      sudo dd if=/path/to/sda.mbr of=/dev/sda count=1
      sudo partprobe /dev/sda
      
  2. Run fixparts with the “logical” (on partition 3), “sort” and “write” (confirmed with yes) commands:

    printf '%s\n' l 3 s w y | sudo fixparts /dev/sda
    
Related Question