Ubuntu – SSH server not working (respawns until stopped)

10.04serverssh

I have a running Ubuntu Server 10.04.1. When I tried to login to the server via ssh, I could not. Instead, I got connection refused error. I tried to ping the machine and I got reply! So, the clear reason is that SSH daemon is stopped.

After reboot, I was able to login to my server via ssh. After some time, I looked at my logs /var/log/syslog and found the following records:

Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2465) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2469) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2473) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2477) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2481) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2485) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2489) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2493) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2497) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process ended, respawning
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh main process (2501) terminated with status 255
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver init: ssh respawning too fast, stopped

I searched for a similar problem/solution. Some people said that this is caused by the SSH daemon trying to start before networking and they suggest to change ListenAddress in /etc/ssh/sshd_config to be 0.0.0.0. I think this is not the cause in my case, because my problem occurs after system is up and running.

Any idea what is causing this? This is Ubuntu Server and it should be running and accessed remotely using SSH.

UPDATE:

Here is the log snippet I found in /var/log/auth.log.

Jan 16 10:56:38 myserver sudo:     user : TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/user ; USER=root ; COMMAND=/usr/bin/vim /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sudo:     user : TTY=pts/0 ; PWD=/home/user ; USER=root ; COMMAND=/etc/init.d/ssh reload
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[1465]: Received SIGHUP; restarting.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2461]: Server listening on 0.0.0.0 port 22.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2465]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2465]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2469]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2469]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2473]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2473]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2477]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2477]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2481]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2481]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2485]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2485]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2489]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2489]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2493]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2493]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2497]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2497]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2501]: error: Bind to port 22 on 0.0.0.0 failed: Address already in use.
Jan 16 10:57:09 myserver sshd[2501]: fatal: Cannot bind any address.

It seems that this error started to appear after I reloaded the SSH daemon. Should I avoid using ssh reload and use ssh restart instead?

Best Answer

You should check to see what happened just before SSH started floundering in syslog. If the networking subsystem died, that could explain why sshd started failing.

I would also check /var/log/auth.log. It's sshd's log and it might give you a better error message.