Ubuntu – User upstart job in ~/.init/ is not found


Running 12.04, I have the following upstart job in ~/.init/:

# myjob

start on net-device-up
stop on [!12345]


echo ">> hello from user script" >> ~/tmp/upstart.log

end script

After rebooting my machine

service myjob start
# => myjob: unrecognised service

initctl does list the job, but running it without sudo throws an error:

initctl start myjob
# => initctl: Rejected send message, 1 matched rules; type="method_call", sender=":1.100" (uid=1000 pid=13349 comm="initctl start thunderbird ") interface="com.ubuntu.Upstart0_6.Job" member="Start" error name="(unset)" requested_reply="0" destination="com.ubuntu.Upstart" (uid=0 pid=1 comm="/sbin/init")

I would expect to be able to start the job using service or initctl without using sudo. What have I misunderstood?


Best Answer

  • A few points:

    1. User jobs are not enabled by default in Ubuntu. See:

    2. You never need to reboot after creating any type of Upstart job—they are automatically detected by Upstart (using inotify).

    3. The service command is not part of Upstart—it is the SystemV tool to manipulate SysV jobs. However, Upstart provides SystemV compatibility such that Upstart system jobs can also be manipulated via service (for convenience). The Upstart equivalent commands are start, stop and, restart.

    4. For user jobs, you must use start, stop and, restart (or the initctl equivalents).

    Finally, note that user jobs are very basic currently. We plan to enhance them significantly for 12.10 but for now be aware that:

    • Upstart will run all user jobs using /bin/sh -e regardless of which shell you use by default. That -e is also very important (man sh for details).
    • Upstart will only set a minimal set of variables in the user job environment. Hence, you should probably set variables like HOME like this:

      env HOME=/home/james