# Ubuntu – What exactly does GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=text do

10.1011.10grub2

To be able to boot Ubuntu 10.10 or 11.10 in my new Lenovo L5210 with Intel Sandy Bridge I need to set GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=text in grub options. Otherwise I only get a black screen with a cursor in the upper left corner.

When I set GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=text, instead of the cursor I now get a error: no video mode activated message in the upper left corner.

So what exactly does GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=text do, and what do I lose by setting it?

If this variable is set, it controls the video mode in which the Linux kernel starts up, replacing the ‘vga=’ boot option (see linux). It may be set to ‘text’ to force the Linux kernel to boot in normal text mode, ‘keep’ to preserve the graphics mode set using ‘gfxmode’, or any of the permitted values for ‘gfxmode’ to set a particular graphics mode (see gfxmode).

Depending on your kernel, your distribution, your graphics card, and the phase of the moon, note that using this option may cause GNU/Linux to suffer from various display problems, particularly during the early part of the boot sequence. If you have problems, set this variable to ‘text’ and GRUB will tell Linux to boot in normal text mode.

The default is platform-specific. On platforms with a native text mode (such as PC BIOS platforms), the default is ‘text’. Otherwise the default may be ‘auto’ or a specific video mode.

This variable is often set by ‘GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX’ (see Simple configuration).

But more importantly: I found the message error: no video mode activated you get on Bug 699802 and it has a possible solution:

Decommenting #GRUB_GFXMODE=640x480 in /etc/default/grub actually solves the problem. Remember to run sudo update-grub after changing /etc/default/grub.

Also look at comment 27 and also comment 24 and 30 as interesting workarounds. Comment 30:

Just wanted to confirm that the method for number 24 works well for people with the encrypted partition (don't bother with the uncommenting stuff). Just so anyone like myself out there doesn't have to look all over to figure out how to do simple commands (my first time ever using linux). Launch the terminal and go to the directory cd /usr/share/grub/ . Copy the font files to another directory (cp, needs sudo, and *.pft copies the three font files at once) with sudo cp *.pf2 /boot/grub then update grub with sudo update-grub.