Ubuntu – Where is bash’s “shopt extglob” turned on for the interactive shell


I see that extglob is on but I'd like to know where this is set.

$ shopt extglob
extglob         on

Didn't find it in these files.

  • ~/.bashrc
  • ~/.bash_profile
  • ~/.profile
  • /etc/bashrc (no such file)
  • /etc/bash.bashrc

Best Answer

  • On my 14.04 VM, I found it in /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion:

    ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ grep extglob /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion 
    shopt -s extglob progcomp

    This is sourced by ~/.bashrc:

    # enable programmable completion features (you don't need to enable
    # this, if it's already enabled in /etc/bash.bashrc and /etc/profile
    # sources /etc/bash.bashrc).
    if ! shopt -oq posix; then
      if [ -f /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion ]; then
        . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
      elif [ -f /etc/bash_completion ]; then
        . /etc/bash_completion

    This can be figured out by running bash -x, which shows all sourced startup files and their commands. Run script -c "bash -x", then exit in the new interactive shell, then examine the typescript file output from script:

    + . /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion
    ++ shopt -s extglob progcomp

    The +'s indicate the level of sourced file, so when we look one level up from the shopt command, we see /usr/share/bash-completion/bash_completion is sourced.